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6. Alphabets

6. Alphabets  

Andrew Robinson

in Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777509
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567782.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567782
Even more unknowable than the origins of writing are origins of the first alphabet. We accept that the alphabet reached the modern world via the ancient Greeks. We do not know how or when ... More
2. The causes of multilingualism

2. The causes of multilingualism  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
How do languages spread and why do so many languages exist? Well-known agents of spread are war and colonization, but also migration and settlement, religion, the media, and the needs of ... More
7. Chinese and Japanese writing

7. Chinese and Japanese writing  

Andrew Robinson

in Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777509
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567782.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567782
A study of the languages of China is vital if we are to understand the scripts of East Asia. Chinese is made up of eight regional languages, which are made up of many dialects. It is a myth ... More
1. Coming to terms

1. Coming to terms  

John Edwards

in Sociolinguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365920
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199858613.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199858613
The acquisition of language cannot be accounted for solely on the basis of postnatal experience — human beings must be genetically prepared or “pre-wired” to learn language. ‘Coming to ... More
6. The components of slang

6. The components of slang  

Jonathon Green

in Slang: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191796418
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198729532.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198729532
‘The components of slang’ outlines the forms and etymological roots of slang and considers how the terms are validated. Slang offers no forms unique to itself. It borrows much of its lexis ... More
8. Conclusion: the unity of human language

8. Conclusion: the unity of human language  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
So how many languages are there in the world? The various notions of how to individuate them offer a fairly wide range of answers, none of which seems overwhelmingly correct. ‘The unity of ... More
1. Crossing languages

1. Crossing languages  

Matthew Reynolds

in Translation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712114.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712114
What is translation? Is translation any different from communication in general? ‘Crossing languages’ considers the range of ways of doing things with words that can be thought of as ... More
4. Decipherment and undeciphered scripts

4. Decipherment and undeciphered scripts  

Andrew Robinson

in Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777509
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567782.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567782
In a technical sense, ‘decipher’ means different things to different scholars. At one end of the spectrum lies Egyptian script which is more or less completely decipherable with just a ... More
2. Definitions

2. Definitions  

Matthew Reynolds

in Translation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712114.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712114
There are simple and complex reasons why there is no exact translation of ‘translation’. The simple reason is that there is no exact translation of any word and the complex reason is that ... More
2. Development and diffusion of writing

2. Development and diffusion of writing  

Andrew Robinson

in Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777509
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567782.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567782
After writing had been ‘invented’ in Mesopotamia, or Egypt, it diffused across the world. Did it go eastwards to India, China, and Japan? Did it go westwards to Europe and Meso-America? Or ... More

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