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6. Against Biography

6. Against Biography  

Hermione Lee

in Biography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777226
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199533541.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199533541
Modernism has been quite hostile to biography, which until the 20th-century was largely un-theorised. ‘Against Biography’ examines the aesthetic and artistic objections to biography by ... More
7. The campaigner

7. The campaigner  

Nicholas Cronk

in Voltaire: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191781346
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688357.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688357
In the years after 1760, Voltaire finally found the voice as a public intellectual that has ever since characterized him. ‘The campaigner’ outlines his time at his new home in Ferney, ... More
8. The celebrity

8. The celebrity  

Nicholas Cronk

in Voltaire: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191781346
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688357.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688357
Voltaire’s historical enquiry into the nature of religion, as part of a broader concern with the progress of knowledge, puts him at the heart of the Enlightenment endeavour. But it is not ... More
5. The courtier

5. The courtier  

Nicholas Cronk

in Voltaire: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191781346
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688357.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688357
Voltaire worked hard throughout his life to establish and defend his status as an author within the social hierarchy of the ancien régime, with varying degrees of success, but with ... More
3. The Englishman

3. The Englishman  

Nicholas Cronk

in Voltaire: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191781346
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688357.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688357
Voltaire arrived in London in May 1726, primarily to publish a definitive edition of his epic La Henriade as censorship made this impossible in France. ‘The Englishman’ describes how ... More
2. The Epicurean poet

2. The Epicurean poet  

Nicholas Cronk

in Voltaire: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191781346
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688357.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688357
Voltaire was a poet first and foremost, in his own eyes as well as in the eyes of his contemporaries, and throughout his long life he never stopped writing verse. ‘The Epicurean poet’ ... More
2. Exemplary Lives

2. Exemplary Lives  

Hermione Lee

in Biography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777226
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199533541.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199533541
‘Exemplary Lives’ traces the history of western biography from its beginnings in antiquity to Aubrey's Brief Lives in the seventeenth-century England. The snippets of the lives of famous ... More
5. Fallen Idols

5. Fallen Idols  

Hermione Lee

in Biography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777226
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199533541.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199533541
If Victorian biography was seen as reticent and decorous, biography at the start of the 20th-century was candid, psychoanalytical, and experimental. ‘Fallen Idols’ charts the progress of ... More
6. The Genevan

6. The Genevan  

Nicholas Cronk

in Voltaire: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191781346
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688357.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688357
In the mid-1750s, Voltaire’s reputation was high: Montesquieu’s death in 1755 left Voltaire as the undisputed leader of the philosophes and Adam Smith spoke of him as a dominant literary ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Nicholas Cronk

in Voltaire: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191781346
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688357.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688357
The Introduction outlines the aims of this VSI: it is an introduction to the making of Voltaire, an Enlightenment celebrity. It is also an examination of the way Voltaire spent his whole ... More

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