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1. Saints, Werewolves, Knights, and a Poète Maudit: Allegiance and Character in the Middle Ages

1. Saints, Werewolves, Knights, and a Poète Maudit: Allegiance and Character in the Middle Ages  

John D. Lyons

in French Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777516
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199568727.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199568727
Poète Maudit: Allegiance and Character in the Middle Ages
4. Possible worlds and fundamental principles

4. Possible worlds and fundamental principles  

Maria Rosa Antognazza

in Leibniz: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191788079
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718642.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718642
4. Possible worlds and fundamental principles characteristica universalis and the scientia generalis ultimately rested on his conviction that logic is a mirror of the structure of reality. In his view, the principles which govern thought were also the principles that govern reality. In turn, reality meant for Leibniz first and foremost God, the eternal and infinite Being encompassing all perfections. It is from him and his eternal thoughts that the story of the world in which we find ourselves begins. Logic therefore led via metaphysics to philosophical theology. Against the backdrop of Leibniz’s overarching projects, we can
1. Privacy in peril

1. Privacy in peril  

Raymond Wacks

in Privacy: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2015
Published Online: 
Mar 2015
eISBN: 
9780191792915
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198725947.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198725947
1. Privacy in peril Abstract Electronic and aerial surveillance, biometrics, closed circuit TV (CCTV), identity cards, radio frequency identification (RFID) codes, online security, encryption, the Google ‘right to be forgotten’ controversy, interception of email, the monitoring of employees, DNA, cloning, stem cell research, the ‘war on terror’—to mention only a few—all raise fundamental questions about privacy. Reports of the fragility of ‘privacy’ have, of course, been sounded for at least a century. In respect of the future of ‘privacy‘, there can be little doubt that the questions are changing before our eyes. And if, in the flat-footed domain of atoms,
1. What is a table?

1. What is a table?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
1. What is a table? Abstract qualitatively even though it has remained numerically the same. Being one and the same, despite such changes in qualities, is what is meant by numerical sameness. It concludes that particularity is an irreducible feature of reality. When I look at the world around me, I see that I am surrounded by all sorts of things. I see a table and two chairs, buildings, an aeroplane, a box of paper clips, pens, a dog, people, and a wide variety of other kinds of things. But this is a book about
4. What is a change?

4. What is a change?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
4. What is a change? Abstract endurantism where incompatible properties are borne at different times. In contrast, perdurantists believe in temporal parts, which have the properties pure and simple. But how do these distinct parts connect? Processes seem to come in integrated, continuous wholes. Our concern so far has been with what there is, but in the most general terms. I know that there are tables, chairs, mobile phones, people, and giraffes, but, to put it in the abstract, we can also say that there are particulars, their properties, and sometimes parts of particulars. One cannot get
7. What is a person?

7. What is a person?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
7. What is a person? Abstract ‘What is a person?’ asks why a person has special status. What makes a person a different particular from a table or other physical object? Is it intelligence, consciousness, or moral actions? John Locke believed it was memory, or psychological continuity, that made something a person. Descartes thought that there were two parts to us: our bodies and our minds, and that our minds could live on after death, as immortal souls. However, there is also bodily continuity — a continuous line in space and time between a person now and what they were
6. Below the waterline of the number iceberg

6. Below the waterline of the number iceberg  

Peter M. Higgins

in Numbers: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584055.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584055
6. Below the waterline of the number iceberg Abstract ‘Below the waterline of the number iceberg’ introduces numbers other than positive integers. Integers are all whole numbers, positive and negative, and can be arranged along a number line. These can be added, subtracted, and multiplied easily, but when divided they form fractions (decimals are simply fractions with 10 as the denominator). Irrational numbers are numbers that are not equal to any fraction. Within irrationals are algebraic numbers, which solve polynomial equations with integer coefficients. Non-algebraic numbers are known as transcendental numbers. Real numbers comprise all possible decimal expansions. Introduction
2. Who is a migrant?

2. Who is a migrant?  

Khalid Koser

in International Migration: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191815409
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753773.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753773
2. Who is a migrant?
Home: A Very Short Introduction

Home: A Very Short Introduction  

Michael Allen Fox

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191809385
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198747239.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198747239
A Very Short Introduction
Forensic ScienceA Very Short Introduction

Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction  

Jim Fraser

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777400
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558056.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199558056
A Very Short Introduction

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