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4. Models of depression

4. Models of depression  

Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott

in Depression: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191785788
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558650.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558650
4. Models of depression Epidemiological studies of depression give important insights into populations at higher risk of depression. For example, the prevalence of depression is higher in groups living in socially adverse conditions, and is higher in those with a recent experience of bereavement. However, not everyone in these circumstances will develop a clinical depression. Theories about the causes of depressive illnesses can help to clarify the reasons for these individual differences. Here, we highlight some of the best-known biological, psychological, and social models and then discuss attempts to integrate these into a multi-dimensional theory.
6. Current controversies, future directions

6. Current controversies, future directions  

Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott

in Depression: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191785788
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558650.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558650
6. Current controversies, future directions Some people believe depression is massively over-diagnosed, some believe it to be an understandable reaction to life that should not be medicalized or treated, and some view depression as a diagnosable disorder, but disagree with the treatments that should be offered. We briefly explore these issues and then consider where the research on depression is heading in the next decade.

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