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The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction

The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Timothy H. Lim

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824586
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198779520
A Very Short Introduction Second Edition
11. The scrolls and early Christianity

11. The scrolls and early Christianity  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824586
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779520
11. The scrolls and early Christianity If media attention and sales figures are anything to go by, then the most sensational aspects of research are related to the link between the scrolls and the origins of the early Church. As mentioned in the opening chapter, even a whiff of controversy, especially involving the Vatican, will send journalists scurrying to investigate. The appetite of the public for plots involving the Dead Sea Scrolls remains unabated; secrecy, back-room deals, and spin-doctoring appeal to the human psyche that seeks to glimpse into a covert world of political and religious machinations beneath the ordered
4. New light on the Hebrew Bible

4. New light on the Hebrew Bible  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
4. New light on the Hebrew Bible The corpus of scrolls can be divided into those that reflect the viewpoint of a sect and those that belonged to Judaism generally. Of the non-sectarian texts, the greatest number belongs to books of the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible. There are no copies of the New Testament, unless one considers the tiny Greek fragments from Cave 7 to be vestiges of these books. The scrolls are copies rather than autographs or original compositions.
8. Jewish sectarianism in the Second Temple period

8. Jewish sectarianism in the Second Temple period  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
8. Jewish sectarianism in the Second Temple period Before discussing the origins and history of the Qumran community of the Essenes, we need to take a few steps back to contextualize the scrolls within Jewish history. ‘Second Temple Judaism’ refers to that form of Jewish religion, history, and literature that is defined by the sanctuary of Jerusalem. It is the ‘Second Temple’, because the First Temple, erected by King Solomon, was destroyed by the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BCE. When the Persians succeeded the Babylonians as the imperial power of the ancient Near East in 539 BCE, their king,
9. From the Silver Amulet Scrolls to the Dead Sea Scrolls

9. From the Silver Amulet Scrolls to the Dead Sea Scrolls  

Eric H. Cline

in Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365654
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195342635.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195342635
9. From the Silver Amulet Scrolls to the Dead Sea Scrolls
1. The Dead Sea Scrolls as cultural icon

1. The Dead Sea Scrolls as cultural icon  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824586
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779520
1. The Dead Sea Scrolls as cultural icon The year 2017 marks the seventieth anniversary of the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Many people have heard of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but few know what they are or the significance they have for our understanding of the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible, ancient Judaism, and the origins of Christianity. Since their discovery in 1947, and especially from 1991 when all the remaining unedited scrolls were released to the world at large, there has been a surge of publications, ranging from the popular to the technical. The technical works are
2. The archaeological site and caves

2. The archaeological site and caves  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
2. The archaeological site and caves No one is entirely sure when the scrolls were first discovered, but 1947 has been designated the official year of the discovery. There are several versions of the story and details diverge from one telling to another. One version is that three shepherds had been tending their flock of sheep and goats by En Feshkha, south of Qumran. In the course of their pasturage, one of the three cousins, Jum‘a Muhammed Khalil, who loved to explore the crags, threw a rock into a small opening and heard the breaking of earthenware. A different version
3. On scrolls and fragments

3. On scrolls and fragments  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824586
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779520
3. On scrolls and fragments 5. The earliest commentary of the Prophecy of Habakkuk.
2. How the Bible was Written

2. How the Bible was Written  

John Riches

in The Bible: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776304
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853431.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853431
2. How the Bible was Written
2. The sources

2. The sources  

Richard Bauckham

in Jesus: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777691
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575275.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575275
2. The sources
12. The greatest manuscript discovery

12. The greatest manuscript discovery  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824586
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779520
12. The greatest manuscript discovery The discovery of ancient manuscripts in caves near Khirbet Qumran has often been hailed as a momentous archaeological find and in the foregoing discussion I have given you an indication of just how the Dead Sea Scrolls have contributed to our understanding and knowledge of the Old Testament or the Hebrew Bible, Second Temple Judaism, and early Christianity. By way of conclusion, I would like to reflect briefly on their importance: are they really the greatest manuscript discovery of the 20th century? Do they warrant such a description?
5. The canon, authoritative scriptures, and the scrolls

5. The canon, authoritative scriptures, and the scrolls  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
5. The canon, authoritative scriptures, and the scrolls The Dead Sea Scrolls have shed light on the formation of the canon of the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible in the Second Temple period. They provide unprecedented insight into the process that led to the canonization of the Bible by providing us with exemplars of their biblical texts and how they used them in an authoritative manner.
6. Who owned the scrolls?

6. Who owned the scrolls?  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
6. Who owned the scrolls? The manuscripts are commonly called the Qumran scrolls, because it is believed that they belonged to the community of Essenes who settled at Khirbet Qumran. The ‘Qumran-Essene hypothesis’, as it is known, is still the model for explaining the origins of the Dead Sea scrolls, but it is not without its problems. Over the years, alternative views have been proposed to challenge one or more aspects of the theory. Nonetheless the Qumran-Essene hypothesis, with modifications, remains the most plausible.
9. The communities of the Dead Sea Scrolls

9. The communities of the Dead Sea Scrolls  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824586
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779520
9. The communities of the Dead Sea Scrolls In his seminal presentation of the archaeology of Khirbet Qumran, de Vaux stopped well short of describing the community of the scrolls. Although he thought that the resemblance between the community and the Essenes, together with the archaeological evidence and Pliny’s geographical notice, would prove the Qumran-Essene theory ‘as true’, he left it to others to elucidate the texts. He was content to point out a few salient features of the scrolls ‘on which archaeology can contribute towards the solution’.
Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction

Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction  

Eric H Cline

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365654
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195342635.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780195342635
A Very Short Introduction Part I The evolution of the discipline Part II Archaeology and the Bible
Introduction

Introduction  

Eric H. Cline

in Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365654
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195342635.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195342635
Introduction
10. From Herod the Great to Jesus of Nazareth

10. From Herod the Great to Jesus of Nazareth  

Eric H. Cline

in Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365654
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195342635.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195342635
10. From Herod the Great to Jesus of Nazareth
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Eric H. Cline

in Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365654
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195342635.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195342635
Epilogue
2. How did Judaism and Christianity split up?

2. How did Judaism and Christianity split up?  

Norman Solomon

in Judaism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199687350.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199687350
2. How did Judaism and Christianity split up? The story begins When did Judaism begin? Is it really ‘the oldest religion in the world’? Certainly not, if you believe what the archaeologists tell us about the earliest human societies. Ancient Stone Age people, tens of thousands of years ago, pretty certainly had religious beliefs and ceremonies, as we can tell from the pictures they painted in their caves and the way they buried their dead. By the time Moses was a youth in Pharaoh’s palace Sumerians, Egyptians, and others had already built temples and created religious writings.
5. The Bible and its Critics

5. The Bible and its Critics  

John Riches

in The Bible: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776304
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853431.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853431
5. The Bible and its Critics

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