Introduction: the kinds of medicine
ad ). To the ancient Egyptians, it was the heart that was credited with intelligence and thought – probably for this reason it was carefully preserved when mummifying the deceased.
bc ) is usually accredited with being the first in the West to argue that the brain is the most important organ for sensation, thought, emotion, and cognition, he was not the first Greek to consider the question of physical embodiment of mind. Prior to the Hippocratic revolution, Pythagoras (582–500 bc ) believed that matter and mind are connected somehow and that the mind is attuned to the
Maria Rosa Antognazza
4. Possible worlds and fundamental principles
characteristica universalis and the scientia generalis ultimately rested on his conviction that logic is a mirror of the structure of reality. In his view, the principles which govern thought were also the principles that govern reality. In turn, reality meant for Leibniz first and foremost God, the eternal and infinite Being encompassing all perfections. It is from him and his eternal thoughts that the story of the world in which we find ourselves begins. Logic therefore led via metaphysics to philosophical theology. Against the backdrop of Leibniz’s overarching projects, we can
A Very Short Introduction