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8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming

8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming Abstract illustrates that the development of brain imaging techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has made it possible to visualize the regional activation (and inactivation) patterns associated with changes in conscious state. It is shown that dreaming is characterised by a set of related, cognitive features that are deficient compared with waking, including diminished selfawareness, diminished reality testing, poor memory, defective logic, and, most strikingly, the inability to maintain directed thought. The effect of brain damage — especially strokes and epileptic seizures — on dreaming
8. Epilogue

8. Epilogue  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
8. Epilogue
4. Laboratory examination: search, recovery, and analysis

4. Laboratory examination: search, recovery, and analysis  

Jim Fraser

in Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777400
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558056.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558056
4. Laboratory examination: search, recovery, and analysis
FilmA Very Short Introduction

Film: A Very Short Introduction  

Michael Wood

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775826
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803535.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192803535
A Very Short Introduction
2. Trusting the image

2. Trusting the image  

Michael Wood

in Film: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775826
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803535.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803535
2. Trusting the image
Afterword: Digital photography

Afterword: Digital photography  

Steve Edwards

in Photography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775390
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801647.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801647
Afterword: Digital photography
Conclusion

Conclusion  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
Conclusion Abstract The conclusion highlights three concepts that were not predicted by dream theorists. Firstly, dreaming and other states of consciousness are related to changes in the level of brain activation. Secondly, that, independent of activation, the brain opens and closes its gates of sensory input and motor output. The third and perhaps most significant conclusion is that the brain not only self-activates and isolates itself from the world, but it changes its chemical climate very radically. Two of the chemical systems necessary to waking consciousness are completely shut off when the brain self-activates in sleep. It is this difference
6. Disorders of dreaming

6. Disorders of dreaming  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
6. Disorders of dreaming Abstract ‘Disorders of dreaming’ looks at the way in which the brain systems mediating dreaming can become exaggerated or distorted, with unwelcome consequences. Nightmares and night terrors are explained: night terrors are pure emotional experiences that occur on awakening from sleep and are typically associated with non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Nightmares are more likely to occur in REM sleep and, however unpleasant, are normal events suggesting that the maintenance of these emotional systems of the brain, which ensure our survival, may be one of the functions of brain activation in sleep. Sleep walking, sleep talking,
Introduction

Introduction  

Philip Sheldrake

in Spirituality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588756.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588756
Introduction Abstract What do we mean by spirituality? Broadly speaking, it is a word that stands for lifestyles and practices that embody an image of human life and the human spirit. It embraces an aspirational approach to the conduct of human life. The Introduction tries to define the term, looks at the contemporary fascination with spirituality which goes alongside a decline in a feeling of belonging to a religious affiliation in the West. During the last part of the 20th century, the concept of spirituality moved beyond its Christian origins. It seems that there is no generic definition of spirituality.
Introduction

Introduction  

Rob Boddice

in Pain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191801815
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198738565.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198738565
Introduction is , and leave it at that.

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