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5. What’s the frequency, Kenneth? Waves, quakes, and solitons

5. What’s the frequency, Kenneth? Waves, quakes, and solitons  

Alain Goriely

in Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191815805
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754046.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754046
5. What’s the frequency, Kenneth? Waves, quakes, and solitons
1. What does “early music” mean?

1. What does “early music” mean?  

Kelly Thomas Forrest

in Early Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365784
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199730766.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199730766
1. What does “early music” mean? This is a book about the music of the past. Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque music have been repeatedly discarded and rediscovered ever since they were new. For me and for many readers, the music is beautiful and intriguing; it expands our horizons and nourishes our souls. Why revive old music? There is already so much music in the world, so much being created every day, so much readily available in broadcast and recording media, that we can never listen to all of it. Why then do we make such an effort to revive music
4. Repertories: Baroque

4. Repertories: Baroque  

Kelly Thomas Forrest

in Early Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365784
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199730766.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199730766
4. Repertories: Baroque Passion, drama, rhetoric, gesture: these are the qualities that are common to Baroque art and to its music. The creation of opera was almost inevitable in an age that was so concerned with the expression of affective feelings, with heightened speech as a means of communicating passion. From Monteverdi to Handel, composers were in one way or another concerned largely with dramatic music; and even those who, like Bach, were not composers of opera, were nevertheless imbued with the rhetoric of the opera house. Baroque musical shapes There are some essential characteristics of almost all Baroque music
5. Performing issues

5. Performing issues  

Kelly Thomas Forrest

in Early Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365784
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199730766.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199730766
5. Performing issues An important aspect of early music, a way of defining it dynamically, is the effort to take a piece of music on its own terms, to perform music in its own way. If we grant that each piece of music comes into existence in a specific time and place, reflecting its own culture, then it follows that its audience was used to the musicians and the performing styles of that period. If we want to reflect that cultural background, if we want to have the sound-experience that listeners had when that piece was new, we should perform
6. The modern early-music revival

6. The modern early-music revival  

Kelly Thomas Forrest

in Early Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365784
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199730766.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199730766
6. The modern early-music revival The study of older music is characteristic of newer times. Why this should be so is a study more about modern culture than about music itself. Do we turn to the past because we prefer it to the present, like those in the Middle Ages who were convinced that the world was gradually deteriorating? Do we prefer music that seems somehow accessible to us, in that it is music that we ourselves might be able to play or sing, if we only worked at it a bit? (We certainly could not play, say, a Rachmaninoff
3. A State of Crisis?

3. A State of Crisis?  

Nicholas Cook

in Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776441
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853820.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853820
3. A State of Crisis?
7. Music and Gender

7. Music and Gender  

Nicholas Cook

in Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776441
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853820.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853820
7. Music and Gender
Early Music: A Very Short Introduction

Early Music: A Very Short Introduction  

Thomas Forrest Kelly

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365784
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199730766.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199730766
A Very Short Introduction
9. Peace

9. Peace  

D. Kern Holoman

in The Orchestra: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365869
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199760282.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199760282
9. Peace Connections between music and politics were obvious enough to the first orchestral musicians, attached as many of them were to princely retinues and military bands. Allusions to the civilization-changing events of revolution and empire pepper Haydn’s symphonies (and the “Dona nobis pacem” movements from the “Lord Nelson” Mass and “Mass in Time of War”), and there is surely no greater music for a fallen military hero than the second movement of Beethoven’s Third (“Eroica,” 1803). The military nuance of the Janissary band and swagger of the hero’s strophe in the fourth movement of the Ninth are unmistakable, arguments
Music: A Very Short Introduction

Music: A Very Short Introduction  

Nicholas Cook

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776441
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853820.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192853820
A Very Short Introduction
2. Back to Beethoven

2. Back to Beethoven  

Nicholas Cook

in Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776441
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853820.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853820
2. Back to Beethoven
The Orchestra: A Very Short Introduction

The Orchestra: A Very Short Introduction  

D. Kern Holoman

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365869
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199760282.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199760282
A Very Short Introduction
5. Conductors

5. Conductors  

D. Kern Holoman

in The Orchestra: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365869
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199760282.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199760282
5. Conductors The contemporary conductor is the central paradox of orchestra affairs: the personification of the ensemble, but likely as not to be out of town. His or her artistic duty is singular in purpose, to plan and lead the concerts, but the common expectation is that the conductor will teach young and old alike, serve as tradition’s guardian and high priest, cultivate philanthropy, and exude charisma as spokesperson for the merits of high art. Chapelmaster and composer-conductor The profession of conducting emerged with the philharmonic society. Chapelmasters like Bach and Handel saw to the organization and execution of every
6. Repertoire

6. Repertoire  

D. Kern Holoman

in The Orchestra: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365869
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199760282.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199760282
6. Repertoire Mozart’s sudden abandonment of the piano concerto in order to compose the three great end-of-career symphonies of 1788 (E-flat Major, G Minor, and C Major “Jupiter,” K. 543, 550, and 551) is a good example of a repertoire in mutation. European audiences who had supped for decades on Haydn and then Mozart and Beethoven were turning by the 1830s and ’40s to Mendelssohn to satisfy their hunger for novelty. Parisians never cared much for Brahms symphonies but devoured orchestral excerpts from the Wagner operas. And if music by dead patriarchs gradually overwhelmed concert programs, still there was nothing
7. Commentary

7. Commentary  

D. Kern Holoman

in The Orchestra: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365869
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199760282.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199760282
7. Commentary Journal des Débats . His particular beat was orchestral music, and over the course of a thirty-year career he had coaxed out of his daily writings a book-length study of the Beethoven symphonies, a text on orchestration and conducting, and a volume of memoirs rich with observations on concert practice of his time. If his Beethoven essays missed the point of sonata form, they nevertheless captured the Romanticism. His treatment of the “Eroica” funeral march praises the dissolution especially: “the shreds of the lugubrious melody, alone, naked, broken, crushed,” with the winds “shouting a cry, a last farewell
1. Philharmonia

1. Philharmonia  

D. Kern Holoman

in The Orchestra: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365869
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199760282.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199760282
1. Philharmonia The philharmonic society, a local coalition of players, listeners, and financial backers, was established to sponsor public concerts of orchestral music. In due course it owned buildings and inventory. From the very first it was a locus of civic pride, holding much in common with the other institutions that anchor urban systems—hospitals, libraries, playhouses, zoos, public gardens. Emergence of the symphony orchestra Orfeo of 1607 was symphonic in complexity if not in size: two groups of five strings, some brass players (trombones, trumpets, wooden cornetts), a pair of recorders, and a wagonload of underpinning keyboard instruments, harps,

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