1. The ‘Middle’ Ages?
The ‘Middle’ Ages: what’s in a name?
Like many European concepts the Middle Ages is one which eventually reached all parts of the world, shaping how people think about Europe and its people. The ‘Middle Ages’ is in reality an awkward term with which to explore the centuries between 500 and 1500. It suggests that this was a time of arrested motion, a time between two other important epochs that define its middle-ness.
ancien régime —traditional monarchy and established church—as enduring forms of European life, to be cherished—in England or Prussia—or restored, in France.
Julian D. Richards
2. Early Scandinavian kingdoms
To understand the Viking Age it is necessary to start with Scandinavia, and to examine the changes that were taking place there from at least the 8th century onwards. By considering Scandinavian culture and society at home it should also be possible to see how it spread and how it was adapted and assimilated in Scandinavian colonies overseas.
Very Short Introduction will offer two approaches to a fruitful engagement with the long period of European history known as the Middle Ages, ranging from around 500 to around 1500.
A Very Short Introduction SECOND EDITION
Alexander C. Diener and Joshua Hagen
2. Borders and territory in the ancient world
A Very Short Introduction
3. The nation as social relation
2. How the Bible was Written