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4. Astronomy transformed

4. Astronomy transformed  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
4. Astronomy transformed
3. Do you believe in models? Simplicity and complexity

3. Do you believe in models? Simplicity and complexity  

Alain Goriely

in Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191815805
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754046.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754046
3. Do you believe in models? Simplicity and complexity
The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction  

Michael Hoskin

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192803061
A Very Short Introduction
3. The superlunar world

3. The superlunar world  

Lawrence M. Principe

in The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777493
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567416.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567416
3. The superlunar world
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Lawrence M. Principe

in The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777493
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567416.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567416
Epilogue
3. Copernicus’s vision

3. Copernicus’s vision  

Owen Gingerich

in Copernicus: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780190605520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199330966.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199330966
3. Copernicus’s vision The Ptolemaic system, created by Claudius Ptolemy around 150 AD, for the first time in history introduced a comprehensive geometrical structure from which the positions of the planets (including the sun and moon) could be calculated for any time, past or future. It was a monumental achievement, which held sway for fourteen hundred years. Unfortunately, the Ptolemaic system has suffered from bad press, which has given the false impression that the system was unnecessarily complicated.
3. A mathematical science

3. A mathematical science  

Jim Bennett

in Navigation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191798153
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198733713.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198733713
3. A mathematical science The science of finding latitude science . This is because its meaning and reference, as we understand them, became current only in the mid-19th century. William Whewell is credited with inventing the word scientist in 1833. The historian’s problem, then, is the discomfort of trying often to write the history of something that did not exist, at least nominally, for people at the time.
2. Planet Earth

2. Planet Earth  

William Lowrie

in Geophysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191834707
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198792956.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198792956
2. Planet Earth Physical laws A photograph from space of the night side of the Earth shows vividly the effects of urbanization. Brilliant illuminated patches stand out against a dark background, which once would have typified the entire globe. On the Earth, far from this anthropogenic light, the sky on a dark night is a cause for wonder; it probably fascinated our ancestors from time immemorial. Thousands of years ago Chinese astronomers defined the year and month from the repeated motions of the Sun and Moon, respectively. The stars form an apparently steady firmament, but from early times astronomers noted
6. Exploring the universe of stars

6. Exploring the universe of stars  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
6. Exploring the universe of stars
5. Competing with Ptolemy

5. Competing with Ptolemy  

Owen Gingerich

in Copernicus: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780190605520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199330966.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199330966
5. Competing with Ptolemy Mathematike syntaxis , meant Mathematical compilation , but the Islamic astronomers called it Almagest —literally “the greatest”—and that was on the title page of the new publication. Copernicus knew the general outline of Ptolemy’s book because a Latin epitome of the work had been published in Venice in 1496. That was the work of Georg Puerbach and Johannes Regiomontanus, two of the outstanding astronomers of the fifteenth century. They had learned Greek for the purpose of translating the Almagest , though in the end what they produced was not a full edition but

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