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3. Giant planets

3. Giant planets  

David A. Rothery

in Planets: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199573509.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199573509
3. Giant planets
5. Tectonics and climate

5. Tectonics and climate  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
5. Tectonics and climate
7. Evolution and extinction

7. Evolution and extinction  

Dorrik Stow

in Oceans: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191782428
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199655076.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199655076
7. Evolution and extinction Life is inextricably bound with the oceans, from its first origins to its blossoming into the rich variety we know today. The passage of life through the different eras of ocean history is marked by evolutionary divergence and episodes of mass extinction, when up to 80 per cent of the planet’s species were wiped out. Evolution has been painstakingly slow—from single-celled to multi-celled organisms, from asexual replication to sexual reproduction with associated mutations, and from soft-bodied creatures for which we have sparse fossil evidence to protective hard parts that are a thousand times easier to preserve.
1. What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?

1. What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?  

Paul I. Palmer

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198722038
1. What is special about Earth’s atmosphere? Which of us haven’t occasionally been entranced by the perpetual movement of clouds or the majesty of lightning? Who hasn’t wondered why the sky is blue in the daytime, dark at night, and sometimes an explosion of colour at sunset? Or why most of Earth’s rainforests are located near the equator while most major deserts are located at thirty degrees north and south? But how many of us have pondered why Earth’s atmosphere is the way it is, what makes it special, and appreciated its many chemical and physical properties that we rely
Telescopes: A Very Short Introduction

Telescopes: A Very Short Introduction  

Geoff Cottrell

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191808234
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745860.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198745860
A Very Short Introduction
The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction  

Paul I. Palmer

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198722038
A Very Short Introduction
Weather: A Very Short Introduction

Weather: A Very Short Introduction  

Storm Dunlop

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191783357
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199571314.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199571314
A Very Short Introduction
2. Atmosphere and oceans

2. Atmosphere and oceans  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
2. Atmosphere and oceans
1. The atmosphere

1. The atmosphere  

Storm Dunlop

in Weather: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191783357
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199571314.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199571314
1. The atmosphere Box 1 Temperatures and differences in temperature To prevent confusion, meteorologists show actual temperatures by the use of the degree symbol (e.g. 20 °C) and differences in temperature by the abbreviation ‘deg.’ (e.g. 5 deg. C). Note that temperatures are also sometimes expressed in kelvins, named after William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824–1907), the physicist, who first identified the need for an absolute thermometric scale. The scale is measured from absolute zero, at which all molecular motion ceases (–273.16 °C). A kelvin is a unit of heat, so temperatures given on the Kelvin scale (such as
4. Atmospheric composition

4. Atmospheric composition  

Paul I. Palmer

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198722038
4. Atmospheric composition Nitrogen, oxygen, and argon collectively represent more than 99.9 per cent of the air we breathe. The gases relevant to climate and human health that sometimes dominate the headlines are all described in that remaining 0.1 per cent of air. But Earth’s atmosphere hasn’t always had that composition—it is on at least its third distinctive atmosphere.

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