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Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Blood: A Very Short Introduction  

Chris Cooper

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199581450
Blood A Very Short Introduction
5. What cells can do

5. What cells can do  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
5. What cells can do
8. Epilogue

8. Epilogue  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
8. Epilogue
8. Side effects, complications, and risks of anaesthesia

8. Side effects, complications, and risks of anaesthesia  

Aidan O’Donnell

in Anaesthesia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777868
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584543.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584543
8. Side effects, complications, and risks of anaesthesia
7. Cellular therapy

7. Cellular therapy  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
7. Cellular therapy
6. Following up people’s health

6. Following up people’s health  

Rodolfo Saracci

in Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199543335
6. Following up people’s health
7. Circadian rhythms and metabolism

7. Circadian rhythms and metabolism  

Russell G. Foster and Leon Kreitzman

in Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717683
7. Circadian rhythms and metabolism
6. Blood transfusion

6. Blood transfusion  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
6. Blood transfusion Transfusing animal blood In 1628, Harvey had shown that the blood circulated around the body. Even the harshest sceptics of his theories admitted defeat when Malpighi showed the existence of the capillaries that linked arteries and veins. Yet removing, not adding, blood was still the main medical procedure in the immediate centuries after Harvey. While this seems strange to our modern world-view, it made sense both practically and theoretically to the Renaissance mind. Practically, it is easy to remove blood, at least as long as you know how to close the wound. However, adding blood requires more
9. Deuterostomes II: the rise of vertebrates

9. Deuterostomes II: the rise of vertebrates  

Peter Holland

in The Animal Kingdom: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778049
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199593217.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199593217
9. Deuterostomes II: the rise of vertebrates
4. Bells and whistles

4. Bells and whistles  

Aidan O’Donnell

in Anaesthesia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777868
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584543.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584543
4. Bells and whistles
5. Anaesthetic drugs and fluids

5. Anaesthetic drugs and fluids  

Aidan O’Donnell

in Anaesthesia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777868
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584543.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584543
5. Anaesthetic drugs and fluids
7. Death and a new beginning

7. Death and a new beginning  

Richard Bauckham

in Jesus: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777691
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575275.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575275
7. Death and a new beginning
6. Cell differentiation and stem cells

6. Cell differentiation and stem cells  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
6. Cell differentiation and stem cells
3. When timing goes wrong

3. When timing goes wrong  

Russell G. Foster and Leon Kreitzman

in Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717683
3. When timing goes wrong
4. Water, salt, and blood pressure

4. Water, salt, and blood pressure  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
4. Water, salt, and blood pressure
6. Appetite, fat, and obesity

6. Appetite, fat, and obesity  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
6. Appetite, fat, and obesity
1. Medicine at the bedside

1. Medicine at the bedside  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
1. Medicine at the bedside
1. A history of blood

1. A history of blood  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
1. A history of blood Blood as metaphor Blood and blood metaphors are intrinsic to our language. Red is a universal symbol for danger. Your lifeblood drains away; when you are angry you see red, whether in William Makepeace Thackeray’s The Virginians (1857), ‘A choking, dreadful feeling arrested my breath; the ground rocked beneath my feet; a red mist swam before my eyes’ or in Nick Hornby’s Fever Pitch (2002), ‘Shortly before his goal against Newcastle, one of the frequent red mists that plagued him had descended, and he had grabbed a rugged Newcastle defender by
2. What is blood?

2. What is blood?  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
2. What is blood? Blood is special. Indeed in his tragedy Faust , Goethe has the devil himself state that ‘Blut ist ein ganz besonderer Saft’—‘blood is a juice of rarest quality’. However, beyond tasting metallic and being vital for life, the first humans had little idea about its composition. What they did know is that, left outside the body, it congealed into a solid clot within minutes. But they had no way of analysing this clot, or the fluid that surrounded it (now called ‘serum’) in detail. As early as the 4th century BC, Hippocrates realized that the
7. Epilogue: the future of blood

7. Epilogue: the future of blood  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
7. Epilogue: the future of blood The nature of our blood can vary over the course of our life. For example our blood type can change following illnesses such as infections, and certain cancers that alter the sugar chains on the surface of the red cell. However, the most dramatic change occurs following a bone marrow transplant. The recipient—usually suffering from blood cell tumours such as leukaemia or lymphoma—is treated with chemotherapy to destroy their own faulty bone marrow cells. They are then injected with haematopoietic stem cells harvested from a compatible donor. These are the precursors of all new

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