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Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Forests: A Very Short Introduction  

Jaboury Ghazoul

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198706175
A Very Short Introduction
2. Many forests

2. Many forests  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
2. Many forests Defining forests Conceptions of what forests are, and how they are defined, vary depending on who is doing the defining. Foresters, ecologists, or farmers (or for that matter, lawyers, urban planners, or furniture makers) might have very different concepts of forests, as might the people of Great Britain or France compared to those of Brazil or Pakistan. Different environmental and cultural histories affect peoples’ visions of what forests are. It is perhaps not surprising, therefore, that as many as 800 different definitions of forests and woodland areas have been collated from around the world. Indeed, the many
4. Disturbance and dynamics

4. Disturbance and dynamics  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
4. Disturbance and dynamics Forests are in a constant state of change, and the natural state of any given woodland applies only, to borrow a phrase from Thomas Hardy, ‘at this point of time, at this point of space’. Some perturbations are dramatic, such as forest fires or storms. Others, such as tree diseases, spread slowly through a forest and are both chronic and cryptic. Forest management has often sought to protect forests from such disturbances, but in the process we have disrupted processes of change that are very much integral to the functioning of forest ecosystems. To appreciate how
6. Projection

6. Projection  

Tim Lenton

in Earth System Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191788338
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718871.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718871
6. Projection
6. Past, present, and future

6. Past, present, and future  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
6. Past, present, and future The past: a history of European deforestation Over forty years ago, Henry Darby, widely regarded as Britain’s first and best-known historical geographers, suggested that ‘the most important single factor that has changed the European landscape is the clearing of the woodland’. A human history of forests is largely one of deforestation, and is as old as human history itself. Hunter-gatherers leave fewer tangible marks on the environment compared to farmers, yet their effects on forests can still be substantial. Late Palaeolithic and Mesolithic people in Europe used stone axes to clear a little woodland around
5. Anthropocene

5. Anthropocene  

Tim Lenton

in Earth System Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191788338
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718871.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718871
5. Anthropocene
Earth System Science: A Very Short Introduction

Earth System Science: A Very Short Introduction  

Tim Lenton

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191788338
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718871.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198718871
A Very Short Introduction

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