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6. Disorders of dreaming

6. Disorders of dreaming  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
6. Disorders of dreaming In this chapter, we look at the way in which the brain systems mediating dreaming can become exaggerated or distorted, with unwelcome consequences. Here, we are on the edge of the medicine of sleep disorders, a topic of great interest to modern sleep science.
8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming

8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming Sleep lab dream research very quickly reached a point of diminishing returns. This was because the one-to-one dream content theory was too ambitious and too unscientific to guide a physiological programme that was too superficial to provide detailed data about the brain. The result was a contentious and unproductive period of sleep and dream research lasting from about 1975 to 1995. Understandably disappointed, the grant committees of the American National Institutes of Health began to cut funding for sleep labs, especially those that were engaged in descriptive, correlative work on dreaming.
1. The autism spectrum

1. The autism spectrum  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
1. The autism spectrum
4. Autism as a neurodevelopmental disorder

4. Autism as a neurodevelopmental disorder  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
4. Autism as a neurodevelopmental disorder
1. Sleep through the ages

1. Sleep through the ages  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
1. Sleep through the ages
8. Epilogue

8. Epilogue  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
8. Epilogue
Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction  

Richard Passingham

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198786221
A Very Short Introduction
1. What is dreaming?

1. What is dreaming?  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
1. What causes dreaming? Why are dreams so strange? Why are they so hard to remember? A true science of dreaming requires a reliable definition that can lead to the reliable identification of this state and methods of measuring its properties. During the course of work on the brain, which led to the suspicion that it might be brain activation in sleep that causes dreaming, we realized that the most scientifically useful way to define and measure dreaming was to focus on the formal features rather than the content – by this is meant the perceptual (how we perceive), cognitive
10. Dream consciousness

10. Dream consciousness  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
10. Dream consciousness In his approach to dream interpretation, Freud’s emphasis was on the unconscious mind, where that mental agency was viewed as a constantly threatening, barely restrained collection of socially and psychologically unacceptable desires. In turning this idea on its head, and viewing the unconscious mainly as an ally, and a guide to survival and socially sensible reproduction, we are redefining the unconscious in a way that demands a new view of consciousness in general and of dream consciousness in particular. This chapter is designed to describe how modern sleep science has contributed to the dramatic progress of the
2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?

2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science? , most dream theorists preferred to focus on content. Impressed with the apparent unintelligibility of dreams, these theorists assumed that there was a rebus, or transformational set of rules (algorithm), which presented the deeper meanings of the dream in disguised symbolic, metaphorical, and sensory terms. Interpretation has always been the main goal of content analysis, whether for medical diagnosis (in the hands of the early Greeks), fortune telling (in the work of Artemidorus), religious prophecy (in the Bible), or psychological divinations (in the proto-scientific schema of Sigmund

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