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2. How does cancer develop?

2. How does cancer develop?  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
2. How does cancer develop?
6. Alternative and complementary approaches to cancer care

6. Alternative and complementary approaches to cancer care  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
6. Alternative and complementary approaches to cancer care
Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Cancer: A Very Short Introduction  

Nick James

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199560233
A Very Short Introduction
5. The economics of cancer care

5. The economics of cancer care  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
5. The economics of cancer care
4. Cancer research

4. Cancer research  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
4. Cancer research
7. Cellular therapy

7. Cellular therapy  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
7. Cellular therapy
9. Growth, cancer, and ageing

9. Growth, cancer, and ageing  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
9. Growth, cancer, and ageing
1. The size of the cancer problem

1. The size of the cancer problem  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
1. The size of the cancer problem
3. How is cancer treated?

3. How is cancer treated?  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
3. How is cancer treated?
7. The immune system v2.0: biological and immune therapies

7. The immune system v2.0: biological and immune therapies  

Paul Klenerman

in The Immune System: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191815706
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753902.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753902
7. The immune system v2.0: biological and immune therapies In the previous chapters we have discussed the basic building blocks of the immune system, how they work as a team, and what happens when the teamwork breaks down. This basic knowledge can be applied, however, to influence outcomes of disease—both immunological and beyond. In this chapter we will discuss three major inter-related areas where our knowledge of immunology is being applied to current challenges: boosting immunity in the case of vaccines, harnessing immunity for cancer treatment, and the development of novel treatments for blocking immunity and auto-immunity. We will also
4. Over-nutrition: problems of overweight and obesity

4. Over-nutrition: problems of overweight and obesity  

David A. Bender

in Nutrition: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779985
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681921.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681921
4. Over-nutrition: problems of overweight and obesity
6. Under-nutrition

6. Under-nutrition  

David A. Bender

in Nutrition: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779985
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681921.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681921
6. Under-nutrition
6. Stem cells

6. Stem cells  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
6. Stem cells
4. You are what you eat

4. You are what you eat  

John Krebs

in Food: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661084.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661084
4. You are what you eat
6. What can we expect in the future?

6. What can we expect in the future?  

Les Iversen

in Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191808210
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745792.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745792
6. What can we expect in the future?
7. Molecular biology in the clinic

7. Molecular biology in the clinic  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
7. Molecular biology in the clinic Environmental agents can cause genetic and epigenetic changes to DNA, the consequences of which lead to deregulation of cellular processes and pathways that cause disease. Genetic variation can either be inherited if acquired through the germline or non-heritable when the DNA changes occur in somatic (body) cells. Some mutations are retained in a population if they confer an advantage when present with a fully functional wild type gene (heterozygous). These mutations only cause disease when both copies of the gene are mutant (homozygous). Often the inherited mutations have been selected for their beneficial roles
5. The hard stuff: calcium, cells, bones, and cancer

5. The hard stuff: calcium, cells, bones, and cancer  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
5. The hard stuff: calcium, cells, bones, and cancer
8. Light and dark

8. Light and dark  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
8. Light and dark
3. Mutations and gene variants

3. Mutations and gene variants  

Jonathan Slack

in Genes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780950
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199676507.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199676507
3. Mutations and gene variants differences between genes that are being referred to. Biologists refer to different versions of the same gene as ‘alleles’, but in this book I shall use the term ‘gene variant’. Such differences may occur anywhere in the genome although between any two individuals they make up only a very small fraction of it. The place where a gene occurs in the genome, which may be occupied by the normal version or by a variant, is known as a ‘locus’.
The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

The Cell: A Very Short Introduction  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199578757
A Very Short Introduction

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