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Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction  

Christian W. McMillen

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199340071
A Very Short Introduction
7. ‘Unless the Lord Build the City …’

7. ‘Unless the Lord Build the City …’  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
7. ‘Unless the Lord Build the City …’
4. Medicine in the community

4. Medicine in the community  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
4.
4. Sanitation to education: 1800–1900s

4. Sanitation to education: 1800–1900s  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
4. Sanitation to education: 1800–1900s A key period for public health came with the rise of the ‘modern state’ in the 19th century. Rapid economic growth and mass urbanization coincided with high mortality from infectious diseases such as cholera and typhus. Increases in life expectancy in the late 18th century juddered to a halt until the 1870s because of unhealthy urban environments. The definition and compass of public health at this time was about drains and sanitation, cleansing the environment as a whole. But this focus for public health changed during the century. Scientific breakthroughs in the 1860s, when the
4. Cholera

4. Cholera  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
4. Cholera Vibrio cholerae . For centuries no one knew how to treat it. Then, in the 1960s, medical researchers and clinicians working in Bangladesh determined that a combination of salt, sugar, and water could replace the fluids lost to cholera (and diarrhea generally). Oral rehydration therapy has since saved millions of lives.
1. Plague

1. Plague  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
1. Plague Yersinia pestis , transmitted by the bite of an infected flea—a flea seeking a human host after its animal host died. It first appeared in the sixth century ce when the first identifiable pandemic occurred during the Byzantine Empire. It is commonly called the Plague of Justinian after the eastern Roman emperor Justinian. Where it originated is uncertain—it possibly came from the interior of central Africa to Ethiopia and went on to Byzantium via well-established trade networks. But it might have come from Asia. We don’t know. It first appeared in the historical record in 541
7. The lessons of histories

7. The lessons of histories  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
7.
6. Enduring images

6. Enduring images  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
6.
Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction

Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction  

Marta Wayne and Benjamin Bolker

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785276
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688937.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688937
A Very Short Introduction
5. Cholera

5. Cholera  

Marta L. Wayne and Benjamin M. Bolker

in Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785276
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688937.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688937
5. Cholera

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