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3. Intellectual functioning in schizophrenia

3. Intellectual functioning in schizophrenia  

Christopher Frith and Eve Johnstone

in Schizophrenia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775529
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802217.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802217
3. Intellectual functioning in schizophrenia
5. Working with offenders

5. Working with offenders  

David Canter

in Forensic Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199550203.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199550203
5. Working with offenders
11. Treatment

11. Treatment  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
11. Treatment
1. What is psychotherapy and who is it for?

1. What is psychotherapy and who is it for?  

Tom Burns and Eva Burns‐Lundgren

in Psychotherapy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689361.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689361
1. What is psychotherapy and who is it for?
1. Clinical psychologists at work

1. Clinical psychologists at work  

Susan Llewelyn and Katie Aafjes-van Doorn

in Clinical Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191815690
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753896.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753896
1. Clinical psychologists at work
2. The social mind

2. The social mind  

Richard J. Crisp

in Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191783319
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715511.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198715511
2. The social mind cognition . Cognition refers to the mechanics of thinking—it’s how we perceive, process, retain, and recall information. For example, while you are reading this sentence your brain is engaging a whole range of mechanisms. First you are seeing the words. This visual input is then translated, encoded, and matched to a memory for what those words mean. As you access each word’s meaning it is compiled in to a sentence structure according to other stored rules. The sentence is interpreted and kept in working memory so it can assist the processing of the next sentence, then
6. Cognitive behaviour therapy

6. Cognitive behaviour therapy  

Tom Burns and Eva Burns‐Lundgren

in Psychotherapy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689361.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689361
6. Cognitive behaviour therapy
3. Formal operational thought, moral development, and identity

3. Formal operational thought, moral development, and identity  

Peter K. Smith

in Adolescence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785245
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665563.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665563
3. Formal operational thought, moral development, and identity
5. Why do we do what we do? Motivation and emotion

5. Why do we do what we do? Motivation and emotion  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
5. Why do we do what we do? Motivation and emotion
2. Theories of anxiety

2. Theories of anxiety  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
2. Theories of anxiety
6. Settlement and society

6. Settlement and society  

Paul Bahn

in Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778315
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657438.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657438
6. Settlement and society
4. Models of depression

4. Models of depression  

Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott

in Depression: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191785788
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558650.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558650
4. Models of depression Epidemiological studies of depression give important insights into populations at higher risk of depression. For example, the prevalence of depression is higher in groups living in socially adverse conditions, and is higher in those with a recent experience of bereavement. However, not everyone in these circumstances will develop a clinical depression. Theories about the causes of depressive illnesses can help to clarify the reasons for these individual differences. Here, we highlight some of the best-known biological, psychological, and social models and then discuss attempts to integrate these into a multi-dimensional theory.
6. Are we rational?

6. Are we rational?  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
6. Are we rational? Most of the topics covered in this book allow human thinking and reasoning to be compared with a ‘normative’ standard, a formal theory of right and wrong answers. The normative theories mostly applied are decision theory, probability theory, or logic. We have seen that people frequently make errors by these standards and have been shown to have many cognitive biases. Some psychologists and philosophers have wondered whether this means that human beings must be intrinsically irrational. This question is not as simple as it seems, however, and has been the subject of much fierce debate over
7. From dual processes to two minds

7. From dual processes to two minds  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
7. From dual processes to two minds may need at times to pay conscious attention. If a hazardous situation arises, for example when traffic ahead suddenly slows down, our attention will switch to the task of driving and we can no longer follow what is on the radio. This tells us some important things. First, while our conscious attention is elsewhere, some process in our brain is still monitoring the road situation for hazards and is able to call up conscious attention when required. Second, it shows us that our ability to think consciously is limited and we need
1. A recent field

1. A recent field  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
1. A recent field
1. Introduction and history

1. Introduction and history  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
1. Introduction and history The French philosopher Descartes famously said ‘I think therefore I am’. Thinking is indeed the essence of what it means to be human and defines us more than anything else as a species. The remarkable success of humans, far ahead of all other animals, is based on our unique powers of thought. By thinking, and especially by reasoning to a purpose, we can exercise all the formidable powers of human intelligence. Reasoning can help us to solve novel problems, to make one-off decisions, to develop mathematics, science, and engineering, to design our environments to suit ourselves.
3. Music as language

3. Music as language  

Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

in The Psychology of Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780190640163
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190640156.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190640156
3. Music as language
6. Helping the helper

6. Helping the helper  

Michael Dunn and Tony Hope

in Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191853173
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198815600.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198815600
6. Helping the helper
4. Time-limited psychotherapy

4. Time-limited psychotherapy  

Tom Burns and Eva Burns‐Lundgren

in Psychotherapy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689361.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689361
4. Time-limited psychotherapy
4. Frameworks used by clinical psychologists

4. Frameworks used by clinical psychologists  

Susan Llewelyn and Katie Aafjes-van Doorn

in Clinical Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191815690
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753896.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753896
4. Frameworks used by clinical psychologists

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