4. Are leaders born or bred?
Sally Holland and Jonathan Scourfield
2. The politics of social work
Social work is inherently political because its parameters are set by the government of the day, and many social workers are employed by the state and have important legal powers through that employment. Debates rage about social work’s purpose and methods, so the field is also highly political in the sense of this OED definition of politics: ‘the assumptions or principles relating to or underlying any activity, theory, or attitude, especially when concerned with questions of power and status in a society’. This chapter covers both aspects. The bulk of the chapter deals with
Julian V. Roberts
4. Why punish … and how?
why punishment is imposed, and we need to justify the penalties we impose in individual cases. Legal justifications for punishment reflect one of two schools of thought.
Julian V. Roberts
5. In and out of prison
The use of the prison has evolved considerably over the centuries. In the late Middle Ages imprisonment was just a way of ensuring that the offender paid a fine—he left prison as soon as he had paid the fine. Today, we seldom imprison people for failure to pay a fine; prisons are all about punishment and rehabilitation, but particularly punishment.
The state of prisons today
The cell was eight feet by eight feet, filthy and with the straw worn to dust and swarming with vermin. There was no accessible water and the offenders were
1. What is EU law about?
In 2014, the internet search company Google was told to remove personal data on a named individual from a list of search results. In 2008, a suspected terrorist succeeded in overturning a measure freezing his assets. In 2005, a German lawyer successfully challenged a contractual clause limiting the duration of his employment because he was over the age of 52.
1. What is citizenship, and why does it matter?