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3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory

3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory
2. Reason and rationality

2. Reason and rationality  

Michael Allingham

in Choice Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775710
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803030.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803030
2. Reason and rationality
2. Theories of anxiety

2. Theories of anxiety  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
2. Theories of anxiety
Final thoughts

Final thoughts  

Owen Davies

in Magic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777929
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588022.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588022
Final thoughts
1. Management and managing

1. Management and managing  

John Hendry

in Management: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779947
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199656981.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199656981
1. Management and managing
Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Learning: A Very Short Introduction  

Mark Haselgrove

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688364
A Very Short Introduction
2. What is learned during learning?

2. What is learned during learning?  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
2. What is learned during learning? .
3. The surprising thing about learning

3. The surprising thing about learning  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
3. The surprising thing about learning Let us start with a thought experiment. Imagine you have just graduated and are starting your first job. You form a partnership with a businessman (let’s call him William) who, year in, year out, for the past ten years, has made a steady profit of £500,000. After working with William for two years you get a chance to look at the accounts of the company. What you discover is that, like the past ten years, the company has continued to make a steady profit of £500,000. Who do you think is responsible for the
6. Learning from others

6. Learning from others  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
6. Learning from others Up to now, we have been considering the way in which learning is acquired in individual animals. However, many species, including humans, are quite sociable and live in groups of one size or another. It is therefore important to incorporate into our understanding of learning whether and how information might be acquired from another organism. In other words, how social learning might take place, and what sorts of factors might influence it.
Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199567157
A Very Short Introduction
5. Phobias

5. Phobias  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
5. Phobias
9. Obsessive-compulsive disorder

9. Obsessive-compulsive disorder  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
9. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
1. What is learning?

1. What is learning?  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
1. What is learning? Learning is a phenomenon that can be observed across the animal kingdom. Complex creatures such as humans can do it, as can insects such as honey bees and ants. If you read this book, remember some of the information that is contained within it, and then maybe go on to use it, you will have demonstrated an ability to learn. If you have a pet cat or dog, then you will have probably noticed that they suddenly become very attentive towards you once you begin making them a meal. I am reasonably confident that my cat,
4. Learning about space and time

4. Learning about space and time  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
4. Learning about space and time have described what learning is, what some of its contents are, and the mechanisms that permit it to happen. We have seen how a relatively simple concept—association—provides a good explanation for a number of features of learning across a variety of species and learning procedures. In the case of classical conditioning, it permits organisms to anticipate the world which they inhabit—to respond appropriately and, in the case of instrumental conditioning, to take control of their environment for material gains. However, without two key pieces of information this learning is, largely, useless. Consider the
5. When learning goes wrong

5. When learning goes wrong  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
5. When learning goes wrong Learning can be very adaptive. It allows organisms to anticipate future events, be they nasty or nice, so that they can be either avoided or approached. Learning permits organisms to make responses in order to acquire desirable things, allowing them to gain control over their environment. Learning informs organisms where things will be, and when they will be available. Learning even helps organisms to link together relatively unimportant events in the world, thus permitting them to bind otherwise disparate elements together into a more structured whole. However, the behaviour of organisms is not always adaptive;
4. Learning and animal culture

4. Learning and animal culture  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191780691
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712152
4. Learning and animal culture All animals learn ). Memory is an animal’s capacity to retain learned information to influence future behaviour.
7. The appetite for music

7. The appetite for music  

Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

in The Psychology of Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780190640163
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190640156.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190640156
7. The appetite for music

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