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3. Amateurs and professionals

3. Amateurs and professionals  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
3. Amateurs and professionals Most surveys carried out in the western world currently suggest that nearly half of people over the age of 16 take part in some form of sporting or physical activity every week. While there are always concerns that this figure should be higher, given the health and wellness benefits of physical exercise, it is worth remembering that all but the tiniest fraction of those who do play sport each week, do so for their own intrinsic gain, and will receive no monetary reward for their participation. So, while much of the analysis, history, and commentary about
Conclusion

Conclusion  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
Conclusion All of you have lost your way. You’ve become muddled. Somehow you’ve forgotten what’s important. I don’t see a room full of sporting legends here, I see a room full of people looking for their next sponsorship deal, book deal, tv series … You lot need to get back to basics, remember who you are, what you are, what you stand for. The sight of a British comedian, albeit in the context of a sketch at a major awards ceremony, demanding that the nation’s leading sports men and women remember what they stand for, was telling. Corden positioned this
Introduction

Introduction  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
Introduction Sport creates a bond between contemporaries that lasts a lifetime. It also gives your life structure, discipline and a genuine, sincere, pure fulfilment that few other areas of endeavour provide. What is ‘sport’ and why has the urge to run or jump, to wrestle or master a moving ball individually, or in a team, been part of human culture for so long? Is sport a source of virtue or, as George Orwell put it, ‘war minus the shooting’? Sport harnesses the human instinct for play and the joy of movement in the cause of competition. Who is the strongest,
2. Modern

2. Modern  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
2. Modern The development of modern sports, as we would recognize them now, was primarily a product of the second half of the 19th century. However, prior to the coalescence of various forces that would lead to the rise of sport in its modern, codified, and rational form, there were a series of key building blocks that would inform the Victorian development of sporting activity. The common practice of playing sport on feast days and Sundays had led to the popular spread of games such as folk football. The brief period of Puritan domination in 17th century Britain and colonial
Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Sport: A Very Short Introduction  

Mike Cronin

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688340
A Very Short Introduction
4. International

4. International  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
4. International With the emergence of national federations and associations to govern sport in the second half of the 19th century, it was perhaps inevitable that these organizations would look to challenge each other. The first recorded international sporting fixture took place in New York in 1844 at the St George’s Cricket Club in Bloomingdale Park, and pitched a United States team against one from Canada. An estimated 10,000 spectators were in attendance, and some $120,000 of bets were placed. After three days of weather-interrupted play, Canada won. The match is important as it breaks the pattern, which was standard

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