A Very Short Introduction
3. Has multiculturalism created ghettos and ‘parallel lives’?
Riots, reports, and terrorism: 2001 and after
The summer and autumn of 2001 were to prove fateful and, some might argue, fatal for multiculturalism in Britain and the rest of Europe. May, June, and July of 2001 saw ferocious civil disturbances in the northern English ‘mill towns’ (so called because they had previously had thriving textile mills) of Burnley, Oldham, and Bradford. Street battles raged between British Asian youth, mostly Muslim and of South Asian origin, white youth – many belonging to the Far-Right British National Party – and police. Firebombs damaged
2. Is multiculturalism bad for women?
If the origins of multiculturalism can be traced back to the human rights revolution of the second half of the 20th century and the subsequent emergence of progressive social movements including feminism, it might seem odd at first sight to suggest that multiculturalism might be bad for women. But it would only be strange if movements for rights, recognition, inclusion, and redistribution always neatly dovetailed into each other to form a harmonious whole.
How can multiculturalism be bad for women?
The central issue at stake is easy to spell out. If multiculturalism involves support
5. National identity, belonging, and the ‘Muslim question’
National identity, belonging, and citizenship
If ‘integration’ is replacing multiculturalism in Europe, the question has always arisen: integration into exactly what? Or, in terms of the British idea of ‘community cohesion’, cohesion based on precisely what? Apart from the problems discussed earlier as to how to measure integration and decide when integration has taken place, sceptics have always pointed out that in Britain, say, does integration for immigrants mean aspiring to and succeeding in joining the culture of binge drinking or obesity or xenophobia that are also part of ‘being British’? What
Gillian Butler and McManus Freda
2. What gets into our minds? Perception