8. Climate change and reefs
1. Forests in human culture
The tree which moves some to tears of joy is, in the eyes of others, only a green thing which stands in the way.
). Two years and eight days later she climbed back down again. Her two-year sojourn in the canopy was to protest the logging of ancient forest trees by the Pacific Lumber Company, and in doing so she became an unlikely hero of a national and global movement to protect forests. Julia Hill’s stand against Pacific Lumber encapsulates two polarized perceptions of forests, as resources ripe for exploitation or as pristine Nature,
5. Forest goods and services
), and various groups of Amerindians in Amazonia.
), and cocoa that are derived from or grown within forested habitats. Across the globe we all rely on many environmental services that forests provide, ranging from regulation of climate and the hydrological cycle to protection of soil resources, protection from hazards, as well as refuges for biodiversity and our own recreational, aesthetic, and spiritual needs.
Timber is, by far, the most valuable commercial forest commodity, with global trade values of wood products amounting to around US$150 billion. Timber has been the mainstay of economic development for much of civilization’s history. It has been used for the construction of cities, ships, and railroads, and as such has generated the means to centralize economic and political power, through vessels for exploration, trade, and conquest, and networks for communication and control. Moreover, wood fuel (though not, strictly, timber) has powered human progress
7. Pressures on reef ecosystems
9. Ice cores, abrupt climate shifts, and ecosystem change
A Very Short Introduction
Dorothy H. Crawford
A Very Short Introduction Second Edition