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5. Robot swarms, evolution, and symbiosis

5. Robot swarms, evolution, and symbiosis  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
5. Robot swarms, evolution, and symbiosis
2. Evolution

2. Evolution  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

in Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578764
2. Evolution
2. Finding our place

2. Finding our place  

Bernard Wood

in Human Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775840
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803603.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803603
2. Finding our place Abstract ‘Finding our place’ reviews the history of how philosophers and then scientists came to realize that humans are part of the natural world. Classical philosophers believed mankind evolved from a more primitive form and that the natural world formed one system. The biblical explanation that replaced this separated humanity from animals. This explanation was gradually eroded by the inductive method in science and the study of anatomy. Fossils and geology challenged the biblical calendar of events. Linnaeus' system of classification provided a means to construct a tree of life, which evolution explained. Genetics was the
8. Of molecules and man

8. Of molecules and man  

Keith Thomson

in Fossils: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776090
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805041.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805041
8. Of molecules and man
6. Discourse ethics I: the discourse theory of morality

6. Discourse ethics I: the discourse theory of morality  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
6. Discourse ethics I: the discourse theory of morality Abstract Discourse ethics is the normative heart of Habermas's philosophy. In it he develops themes of publicity, inclusiveness, equality, solidarity, justice in terms of the pragmatic meaning programme, and the programme of social theory. ‘Discourse ethics I: the discourse theory of morality’ examines the origins and meaning of discourse ethics and Habermas's views on the discourse theory of morality and moral discourse. The discourse theory of morality does not directly ask: ‘What ought I to do?’. Rather, it aims to uncover the conditions under which modern moral agents can successfully answer
7. The wisdom of crowds

7. The wisdom of crowds  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191780691
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712152
7. The wisdom of crowds Self-organization There is something mysterious about the way a flock of thousands of birds seems to manoeuvre as one, or the way a school of fish divides and reforms as it moves around a predator. Similarly the busy activity of ants leaving and returning to a nest catches our attention. While we can see the behaviour of individual animals as they move and interact, there is a level of organization and apparent coordination that is visible at the level of the flock, school, or nest. Recent work on collective animal behaviour shows that relatively simple
3. Forest origins

3. Forest origins  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
3. Forest origins Abstract The origins of forests lie in the evolution of a key innovation some 400 million years ago (Mya): water-conducting canals stiffened with lignin that provided structural support allowing early small and prostrate plants to increase their size and stand erect. ‘Forest origins’ describes the evolutionary development of forests from the first forests dating back to the Devonian (385 Mya), through the widespread Carboniferous forest (359–299 Mya), the period of transition at the Permian–Triassic boundary (280–250 Mya), and the impact of the Quaternary Ice Ages, to our modern forests, which can be traced from the end of
4. The evidence for evolution by natural selection

4. The evidence for evolution by natural selection  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
4. The evidence for evolution by natural selection
7. Perfection and progress

7. Perfection and progress  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
7. Perfection and progress
8. Darwinism and ideology

8. Darwinism and ideology  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
8. Darwinism and ideology

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