5. Predictive biometrics
We saw in that the concept of soft biometrics, which includes characteristics such as the age or gender of a subject, is a straightforward variation on the principal theme of the study of biometrics, which is to use measurable characteristics of individuals to determine or confirm their identity. Such characteristics are not unique but can place an individual within a reduced subset of a target population. This in itself could, in many applications (searching a watch list, perhaps), be a useful thing to do.
The way we have considered using soft biometric information
4. Love, sex, gender, and philosophy
John A. Matthews and David T. Herbert
3. The human dimension: people in their places
4. Adam and Eve, Hijra, LGBTQs, and the shake-up of gender identities
Boys and girls (in this order), tertium non datur (a third is not given). This is the two-valued gender logic of Christianity; or was, until recently. It is no exaggeration to say that for the majority of Christians, the story of Adam and Eve (Genesis 2:4–3:24) was for generations all there was to say about the nature of human sexuality (at least, to be said aloud). Conservative and fundamentalist Christian denominations still insist that heterosexual monogamy is what the Bible prescribes and consider homosexuality
Peter K. Smith
8. Sexual and romantic development, early parenthood, and emerging adulthood
8. Where next for family law?
1. From the Greeks to Gladstone
Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott
3. Who is at risk of depression?
One advantage of the more consistent application of diagnostic criteria for identifying individuals with a depressive disorder is that it allows national and international comparisons to be undertaken. Large-scale studies make it possible to estimate the overall prevalence of depression, and repeating the surveys allows detection of any changes in these rates over time. Comparisons can be made between the distribution of depression cases by country, culture, economic and social status, and other demographic features such as age, gender, marital status, etc. Differences between any of these subgroups can offer important insights into
4. Pain and civilization
It has been well documented that, with the demise of Catholic practices of mortification, the moral virtue of pain was replaced, in 18th-century Europe, with the opposite notion that by no means was pain necessary for salvation, or even as an indication of moral virtuosity. On the contrary, pleasure emerged as the principle of the virtuous, with a turning away from pain as a personal and social evil. At the same time, the 18th century saw the dawn of the ‘age of sensibility’, in which heightened practices of civility and urbanity seemed to bring with them
7. Attitudes to caste, gender, and other faiths
Sundri and Jess
2. Sex, seed, and sin in the medieval world
By the early 500s AD, with the withdrawal of Rome’s legions and the rise of independent barbarian kingdoms, the peoples of Western Europe no longer felt the force of Roman government. The decline of the Roman Empire led to a dramatic drop in trade and the loss of vast quantities of ancient scholarship. Then, around 1000 AD, advances in farming, transport, and finance as well as an improving climate allowed crop yields to grow and commerce to flourish once again. A dramatic increase in wealth in turn sustained an upswing in
8. Progress and possibility
Heredity in brief
All of you have lost your way. You’ve become muddled. Somehow you’ve forgotten what’s important. I don’t see a room full of sporting legends here, I see a room full of people looking for their next sponsorship deal, book deal, tv series … You lot need to get back to basics, remember who you are, what you are, what you stand for.
The sight of a British comedian, albeit in the context of a sketch at a major awards ceremony, demanding that the nation’s leading sports men and women remember what they stand for, was telling. Corden positioned this
A Very Short Introduction
1. An idea whose time has come
4. The socialization of markets