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8. Ethics

8. Ethics  

Damien Keown

in Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778353
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663835.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663835
8. Ethics
6. Child abuse

6. Child abuse  

Jonathan Herring

in Family Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779657
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199668526.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199668526
6. Child abuse
1. Looking at rights

1. Looking at rights  

Andrew Clapham

in Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2015
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785436
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706168.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706168
1. Looking at rights These days it is usually not long before a problem is expressed as a human rights issue. This book looks at where the concept of human rights came from and how the human rights movement has developed a set of obligations that apply worldwide. We will consider the trajectory of the idea of human rights and the role that human rights play (and might come to play) in our world. Different people currently see human rights in different ways. For some, invoking human rights is a heartfelt, morally justified demand to rectify all sorts of injustice;
3. Before birth

3. Before birth  

Charles Foster

in Medical Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199660445.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199660445
3. Before birth
3. Human rights foreign policy and the role of the United Nations

3. Human rights foreign policy and the role of the United Nations  

Andrew Clapham

in Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2015
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785436
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706168.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706168
3. Human rights foreign policy and the role of the United Nations The narrative about agreed texts and their international supervision leaves many dissatisfied. Where is the enforcement of these rights? We have a legal framework and reports from international secretariats and non-governmental organizations, but where is the pressure to ensure that these rights are realized in practice? What does it really mean when governments say that their foreign policy is concerned with promoting and protecting human rights? Only very rarely do governments actually invoke these treaties before international courts in order to bring international complaints against other states. Clearly
8. Discrimination and equality

8. Discrimination and equality  

Andrew Clapham

in Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2015
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785436
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706168.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706168
8. Discrimination and equality As we have seen throughout this short book, discrimination is prohibited with regard to the enjoyment of all rights. We have discovered the immediate obligation to prevent discrimination, not only in the context of the enjoyment of civil and political rights (such as personal freedom from arbitrary detention, freedom of expression, political participation, and association), but also in the fields of food, water, health, education, housing, and work. Now we shall consider the prohibited grounds of discrimination, what new grounds may be emerging, and when drawing distinctions between people can be considered reasonable and therefore legitimate.
5. Data protection

5. Data protection  

Raymond Wacks

in Privacy: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2015
Published Online: 
Mar 2015
eISBN: 
9780191792915
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198725947.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198725947
5. Data protection Information is no longer merely power. It is big business. In recent years the fastest growing component of international trade has been the service sector. It accounts for more than a third of world trade—and it continues to expand. It is a commonplace to identify as a central feature of modern industrialized societies their dependence on the storage of information. The use of computers facilitates, of course, considerably greater efficiency and velocity in the collection, storage, use, retrieval, and transfer of information.
Conclusion

Conclusion  

Paul Wilkinson

in International Relations: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775352
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801579.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801579
Conclusion
2. Domestic violence

2. Domestic violence  

Jonathan Herring

in Family Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779657
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199668526.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199668526
2. Domestic violence
1. Origins and legacies

1. Origins and legacies  

Charles Foster

in Medical Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199660445.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199660445
1. Origins and legacies
10. Organ donation and the ownership of body parts

10. Organ donation and the ownership of body parts  

Charles Foster

in Medical Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199660445.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199660445
10. Organ donation and the ownership of body parts
2. The enforcement of medical law

2. The enforcement of medical law  

Charles Foster

in Medical Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199660445.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199660445
2. The enforcement of medical law
4. Confidentiality and privacy

4. Confidentiality and privacy  

Charles Foster

in Medical Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199660445.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199660445
4. Confidentiality and privacy
4. The substantive reach of court-martial jurisdiction

4. The substantive reach of court-martial jurisdiction  

Eugene R. Fidell

in Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625191
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199303496.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199303496
4. The substantive reach of court-martial jurisdiction In civilian courts, we have a fairly good sense of the kinds of crimes being prosecuted. Depending on the country and the legal system, these are likely to include traditional crimes of violence such as murder, robbery, rape, and other kinds of assault, as well as other offenses that may not involve the use or threat of violence, such as larceny, drug offenses, child pornography, tax evasion, and securities fraud. One might think that military cases fit a different profile given the specific and limited purposes of military justice—and to a degree they
5. Law and society

5. Law and society  

Raymond Wacks

in Philosophy of Law: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779664
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199687008.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199687008
5. Law and society
7. Citizenship, legal status, and proof of identityidentity as a legal concept

7. Citizenship, legal status, and proof of identity: identity as a legal concept  

Florian Coulmas

in Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828549
7. Citizenship, legal status, and proof of identity identity as a legal concept Legal identity The natural person is a core pillar of the present world order, which is grounded upon normative universal principles, such as Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR): ‘All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.’ Jurists interpret this article as meaning that every human being has a legal personality with rights and duties. Historically this was not always so. In some pre-modern societies, slaves and serfs were denied ‘dignity and rights’, being considered objects rather
Introduction: an ‘Identity’ wave

Introduction: an ‘Identity’ wave  

Florian Coulmas

in Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828549
Introduction: an ‘Identity’ wave An obsession is gripping the world—the obsession with identity. In 2015, the Australian National Dictionary Centre selected ‘identity’ as the Word of the Year. The word is, of course, much older; what the Australians recognized is that it has continued to gain currency for decades. In the 1950s, ‘identity’ spread around the world, arguably as a by-product of the cultural Americanization then in progress. Today, ‘identity’ is a household word. The identity of—the attacker, England, NATO, God’s people, neo-tribes, our nation, the group, your cells, plant glutamate receptors, the suspicious substance, statistics, indiscernibles, an endpoint, Kaliningrad,
5. Sovereignty inside the State

5. Sovereignty inside the State  

Vaughan Lowe

in International Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2015
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785818
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199239337.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199239337
5. Sovereignty inside the State
11. Peering ahead

11. Peering ahead  

Eugene R. Fidell

in Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625191
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199303496.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199303496
11. Peering ahead What about the future? What new legal challenges can we expect given the strong likelihood of continuing military operations around the world, coupled with increased across-the-board austerity in government operations? What changes in military justice may flow from technological innovation and changing expectations of fairness?
7. The military judiciary

7. The military judiciary  

Eugene R. Fidell

in Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625191
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199303496.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199303496
7. The military judiciary Brigadoon . In the classic British model on which the United States system was constructed, there was no judge at a court-martial. The court was simply a board of senior officers assembled for a particular purpose, much as might be done if a ship sank, a battle was lost, or some other significant mishap occurred that merited investigation.

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