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2. Modern

2. Modern  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
2. Modern Abstract The late 19th century was a period of huge innovation and social change across a range of areas. Sport was a by-product of the industrial, transport, and urbanizing revolutions of the period. ‘Modern’ explains that once codified, rationalized, and organized, sports were dispersed on the lines of travel that linked cities with towns, colonies with the home nation, and marketplaces with the suppliers of raw materials. Games such as soccer, rugby, cricket, and baseball were commercialized and professionalized, but in all the changes and transformations as sport modernized and spread, key foundation ethics remained at the heart
5. Business

5. Business  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
5. Business Abstract ‘Business’ describes the commercialization of sport that began in the late 19th century and, with the advent of television, became even greater in the second half of the 20th century. Sport is regularly cited as the third biggest business in the world. The sports business speaks to two separate markets: the players who consume goods and services such as equipment, specialist diets, sports medicine, and affiliation fees; and the spectators of elite sports who avail themselves of stadium tickets, media packages, sporting memorabilia, and various forms of social media as a means of identifying with their sport
SportA Very Short Introduction

Sport: A Very Short Introduction  

Mike Cronin

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688340
A Very Short Introduction
4. International

4. International  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
4. International Abstract The first recorded international sporting fixture was a cricket match between the United States and Canada in New York in 1844. ‘International’ shows that once sporting organizations, the media, and even politicians began to realize the value of international competition it spread quickly from sport to sport. Groups of national federations came together to form international federations that governed their particular sport, and arranged and sanctioned international competitions. Such organizations included the International Rugby Board (founded 1886), International Olympic Committee (1894), and Fédération Internationale de Football Association (1904). The history of the IOC, the Olympic Games, and

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