A Very Short Introduction
6. The learning brain
unschooled adults will refuse to reason deductively about these premises. If given a deductive reasoning problem with premises like
In the far north, where there is snow, all bears are white. Novaya Zemlya is in the far north and there is always snow there. What colour are the bears?
7. Theories and neurobiology of development
observations of how children behaved at different ages. Two classic theories will be examined in this chapter, those of Piaget, who focused on the development of logical thinking, and Vygotsky, who focused on the influence of culture and language on child development.