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5. Memory impairment

5. Memory impairment  

Jonathan K. Foster

in Memory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776212
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806758.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806758
5. Memory impairment
6. The seven ages of man

6. The seven ages of man  

Jonathan K. Foster

in Memory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776212
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806758.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806758
6. The seven ages of man
9. Dreaming, learning, and memory

9. Dreaming, learning, and memory  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
9. Dreaming, learning, and memory The idea that dreaming is involved in the reorganization of memory has been around for at least 30 years, but only within the last five has a strong, clear line of evidence been developed. One of the most important scientists working in this area is my colleague Robert Stickgold, and it is his work that forms the backbone of this chapter.
2. Mapping memories

2. Mapping memories  

Jonathan K. Foster

in Memory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776212
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806758.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806758
2. Mapping memories
4. Remembering

4. Remembering  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
4. Remembering Questions 1. How can we explain amnesia for the past, yet retention of knowledge learned at school?
3. Intellectual functioning in schizophrenia

3. Intellectual functioning in schizophrenia  

Christopher Frith and Eve Johnstone

in Schizophrenia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775529
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802217.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802217
3. Intellectual functioning in schizophrenia
1. You are your memory

1. You are your memory  

Jonathan K. Foster

in Memory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776212
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806758.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806758
1. You are your memory
Memory: A Very Short Introduction

Memory: A Very Short Introduction  

Jonathan K. Foster

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776212
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806758.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192806758
A Very Short Introduction
4. Inaccuracies in memory

4. Inaccuracies in memory  

Jonathan K. Foster

in Memory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776212
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806758.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806758
4. Inaccuracies in memory
2. The small computer

2. The small computer  

Darrel Ince

in The Computer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777899
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586592.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586592
2. The small computer
1. What is dreaming?

1. What is dreaming?  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
1. What causes dreaming? Why are dreams so strange? Why are they so hard to remember? A true science of dreaming requires a reliable definition that can lead to the reliable identification of this state and methods of measuring its properties. During the course of work on the brain, which led to the suspicion that it might be brain activation in sleep that causes dreaming, we realized that the most scientifically useful way to define and measure dreaming was to focus on the formal features rather than the content – by this is meant the perceptual (how we perceive), cognitive
2. The human brain

2. The human brain  

Susan Blackmore

in Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191836206
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198794738.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198794738
2. The human brain A big brain neurons (i.e. nerve cells) connected by trillions of synapses, as well as billions of supporting glial cells and blood vessels. The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system, the spinal cord being connected to the brain stem and then midbrain which is responsible, among other things, for controlling the sleep–wake cycle. Behind this lies the cerebellum , or ‘little brain’, mostly concerned with fine movement control, and above it is the latest part of the brain to evolve, the cerebral cortex (i.e. the outer layer
1. Circadian rhythmsA 24-hour phenomenon

1. Circadian rhythms: A 24-hour phenomenon  

Russell G. Foster and Leon Kreitzman

in Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717683
1. Circadian rhythms A 24-hour phenomenon
8. The magnetic library

8. The magnetic library  

Stephan Blundell

in Magnetism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778117
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601202.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601202
8. The magnetic library
4. Learning about space and time

4. Learning about space and time  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
4. Learning about space and time have described what learning is, what some of its contents are, and the mechanisms that permit it to happen. We have seen how a relatively simple concept—association—provides a good explanation for a number of features of learning across a variety of species and learning procedures. In the case of classical conditioning, it permits organisms to anticipate the world which they inhabit—to respond appropriately and, in the case of instrumental conditioning, to take control of their environment for material gains. However, without two key pieces of information this learning is, largely, useless. Consider the
3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory

3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory
6. Disorders of dreaming

6. Disorders of dreaming  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
6. Disorders of dreaming In this chapter, we look at the way in which the brain systems mediating dreaming can become exaggerated or distorted, with unwelcome consequences. Here, we are on the edge of the medicine of sleep disorders, a topic of great interest to modern sleep science.
8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming

8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming Sleep lab dream research very quickly reached a point of diminishing returns. This was because the one-to-one dream content theory was too ambitious and too unscientific to guide a physiological programme that was too superficial to provide detailed data about the brain. The result was a contentious and unproductive period of sleep and dream research lasting from about 1975 to 1995. Understandably disappointed, the grant committees of the American National Institutes of Health began to cut funding for sleep labs, especially those that were engaged in descriptive, correlative work on dreaming.
8. Sleep and society

8. Sleep and society  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
8. Sleep and society
7. What is a person?

7. What is a person?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
7. What is a person? were things like tables and chairs. They are lifeless and inanimate. Some particulars, on the other hand, are animals, such as cats and dogs. But people are also particulars, and it is arguable that there is something special about them. People matter so much to us. Are there metaphysical grounds for their special status? They have minds and, some think, souls or spirits. What then counts for a person to persist through time could be different from what it is for a purely physical object such as a table to persist.

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