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2. The place from where we started

2. The place from where we started  

Bernard Crick

in Democracy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775574
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802507.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802507
2. The place from where we started
14. Clerks and Commerce: The Lower Middle Class

14. Clerks and Commerce: The Lower Middle Class  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
14. Clerks and Commerce: The Lower Middle Class
Racism: A Very Short Introduction

Racism: A Very Short Introduction  

Ali Rattansi

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776137
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805904.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192805904
A Very Short Introduction
3. Beyond the pale: scientific racism, the nation, and the politics of colour

3. Beyond the pale: scientific racism, the nation, and the politics of colour  

Ali Rattansi

in Racism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776137
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805904.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805904
3. Beyond the pale: scientific racism, the nation, and the politics of colour When Columbus set out on his momentous journey to what he thought was Asia, the significance of the year, 1492, was not lost on him. He wrote at the head of the first journal of his travels: The ‘Indians’ encounter Columbus The shores on which Columbus landed, as we now know, were far from the ‘Indies’. But he was convinced that he had found what he was looking for. One of the lessons of the history of ‘race’ is an appreciation of the extent to which European
4. The Making of Middle England

4. The Making of Middle England  

Paul Langford

in Eighteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776540
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853998.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853998
4. The Making of Middle England
1. Hope

1. Hope  

Craig Jeffrey

in Modern India: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191822414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198769347.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198769347
1. Hope lathis (wooden sticks) against the side of the bridge. After a few hours, the District Magistrate (DM) arrived at the scene. A heated conversation, more songs, and a speech by a sympathetic schoolteacher followed the DM’s arrival. Three weeks later, a new maths teacher arrived at the school.
4. Imperialism, eugenics, and the Holocaust

4. Imperialism, eugenics, and the Holocaust  

Ali Rattansi

in Racism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776137
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805904.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805904
4. Imperialism, eugenics, and the Holocaust ‘Internal’ racisms Ideas of race derived nourishment as much from concerns internal to Europe as from the growing encounters with non-Europeans in the period of early modernity. It should be clear from the discussion in the last chapter that the schemes of classification of human variety that mushroomed in the 18th and 19th centuries were as anxious about drawing boundaries between white European races or ‘nations’ – Gauls, Saxons, Slavs, and others – as between whites and blacks and Orientals. Growing nationalisms and a conservative reaction against the collapsing hierarchies of the aristocratic order
Engels: A Very Short Introduction

Engels: A Very Short Introduction  

Terrell Carver

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776021
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804662.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192804662
A Very Short Introduction
6. The conditions of modern democracy

6. The conditions of modern democracy  

Bernard Crick

in Democracy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775574
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802507.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802507
6. The conditions of modern democracy
8. Beyond institutional racism: ‘race’, class, and gender in the USA and Britain

8. Beyond institutional racism: ‘race’, class, and gender in the USA and Britain  

Ali Rattansi

in Racism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776137
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805904.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805904
8. Beyond institutional racism: ‘race’, class, and gender in the USA and Britain Origins Black Power (1967), their powerful indictment of persistent black inequalities. Stokely and Carmichael wanted to highlight the process whereby, no matter whether the individual attitudes, motivations, and behaviour of ordinary white people were racist or not, all whites benefited from social structures and organizational patterns which continually disadvantaged blacks while allowing whites to stay well ahead in living standards, including housing, health and life span, neighbourhood amenities and safety, educational facilities and achievement, level of employment, and income and wealth. They made it clear that

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