David J. Bodenhamer
A Very Short Introduction
A Very Short Introduction Second Edition
2. An enduring value
While much of our contemporary disquiet about privacy tends to spring from technological threats to privacy, a much broader conception of the notion is adopted by many writers on the subject. It includes, in particular, ‘decisional’ privacy (the right of individuals to choose: whether to abort a foetus, their use of contraception, their sexual preferences, and other similar ‘private’ or ‘personal’ decisions). This right to choose is, of course, an extremely important feature of a democratic society, and is fundamental to individual autonomy and freedom, but my own view, explained in this chapter, is that matters
4. Confidentiality and privacy
1. Privacy in peril
Discipline and Punish , to describe contemporary ‘disciplinary’ society’s proclivity to observe and ‘normalize’. The Panopticon, in his view, generates an awareness of perpetual visibility as a form of power and domination—without the need for locks and chains. It extends beyond prisons to all hierarchical institutions such as schools, hospital, the army, and so on.
7. How modern genetics is testing traditional confidentiality
6. Balancing rights—free speech and privacy
So far we have resisted the temptation to claim that human rights are about balancing individual freedoms and the collective interests of the community. Such claims are inappropriate when discussing torture, the right to life, the rights of detainees, and fair trial. Even if the majority demand that their interest in living in peace and security should take priority, the whole idea of human rights is that individuals’ lives must be treated with respect, even where the majority consider that harsher treatment is justified.
Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds
Following the discovery of the structure of DNA, another significant milestone in molecular biology was the publication of the complete sequence of the human genome in 2003. The genome is the entire DNA contained within the forty-six chromosomes located in the nucleus of each human somatic (body) cell. The Human Genome Project, launched in 1990, was an international collaboration involving twenty countries and ranks as perhaps one of the biggest biological experiments undertaken. The aim was to identify the precise order of the bases A, T, G, and C of the full genome by sequencing. The project was
6. The death of privacy?
‘Privacy is dead. Get over it.’ Thus spake Scott McNealy, CEO of Sun Microsystems in 1999. He is not alone; privacy’s obituary has been written by a growing number of scholars and commentators. A requiem is, however, premature. The invaders are at the gate, but the citadel will not fall without a battle.