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10. What is psychology for?

10. What is psychology for?  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
10. What is psychology for?
1. What is psychology? How do you study it?

1. What is psychology? How do you study it?  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
1. What is psychology? How do you study it? In 1890 William James ( ), the American philosopher and physician and one of the founders of modern psychology, defined psychology as ‘the science of mental life’ and this definition can still provide a starting point for our understanding today. We all have a mental life and therefore have some idea about what this means, even though it can be studied in rats or monkeys as well as in people. However it is only a starting point. New ways of studying the brain, and of understanding its structure and
Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Gillian Butler and Freda McManus

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199670420
A Very Short Introduction
6. Working with law enforcement

6. Working with law enforcement  

David Canter

in Forensic Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199550203.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199550203
6. Working with law enforcement
7. Always the bridesmaid?

7. Always the bridesmaid?  

David Canter

in Forensic Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199550203.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199550203
7. Always the bridesmaid?
4. Take the money and run

4. Take the money and run  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
4. Take the money and run Playing the trust game You’re at an unfamiliar bar, chatting to a new acquaintance, Daniel, when an economist approaches with a glint in her eye and a wallet full of cash. She offers you ten dollars – the money is yours to keep, and you can pocket it right away if you like. But you have another option. If you give some or all of the ten dollars to Daniel, the economist will triple the gift – if you hand over four dollars, the economist will add another eight, so that Daniel gets a
6. Physicalism: is it all transference?

6. Physicalism: is it all transference?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
6. Physicalism: is it all transference?
6. Philosophical problems in physics, biology, and psychology

6. Philosophical problems in physics, biology, and psychology  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807640
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745587.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745587
6. Philosophical problems in physics, biology, and psychology
4. The logic of illusion

4. The logic of illusion  

Roger Scruton

in Kant: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775482
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801999.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801999
4. The logic of illusion never admit of transcendental but always only of empirical employment’ (A. 246, B. 303). At the same time, since concepts contain within themselves this tendency towards
2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?

2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science? , most dream theorists preferred to focus on content. Impressed with the apparent unintelligibility of dreams, these theorists assumed that there was a rebus, or transformational set of rules (algorithm), which presented the deeper meanings of the dream in disguised symbolic, metaphorical, and sensory terms. Interpretation has always been the main goal of content analysis, whether for medical diagnosis (in the hands of the early Greeks), fortune telling (in the work of Artemidorus), religious prophecy (in the Bible), or psychological divinations (in the proto-scientific schema of Sigmund
9. How do we influence each other? Social psychology

9. How do we influence each other? Social psychology  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
9. How do we influence each other? Social psychology
7. Conclusion: leading a spiritual life

7. Conclusion: leading a spiritual life  

Philip Sheldrake

in Spirituality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588756.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588756
7. Conclusion: leading a spiritual life It should now be clear both that spirituality is an increasingly widespread and influential idea and that its forms are extremely varied. In general terms, spirituality implies an understanding of what is, or should be, central to human existence and how the human spirit may reach its full potential. Spirituality is an aspirational concept in that it suggests that leading a fully human life demands goals that are more than purely materially enhancing. It speaks of integration rather than fragmentation, of a sense of ultimate purpose in place of an instinctual or unexamined life,
5. People, objects, and identity

5. People, objects, and identity  

Michael Allen Fox

in Home: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191809385
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198747239.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198747239
5. People, objects, and identity Identity and home . A major focal point for the construction of self-identity is the home. Psychiatrist James Yandell offers the following insight:
5. Developing our identity as reflective scientist-practitioners

5. Developing our identity as reflective scientist-practitioners  

Susan Llewelyn and Katie Aafjes-van Doorn

in Clinical Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191815690
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753896.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753896
5. Developing our identity as reflective scientist-practitioners
6. Myth and psychology

6. Myth and psychology  

Robert A. Segal

in Myth: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191792328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724704.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724704
6. Myth and psychology
15. Psychology

15. Psychology  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0015
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
15. Psychology
8. Institutions, conspiracies, and nations

8. Institutions, conspiracies, and nations  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
8. Institutions, conspiracies, and nations Rich interpersonal trust lies at the heart of our lives, underpinning our relationships with friends and family; likewise, the value of trustworthiness guides us in forming and maintaining those relationships. Looser ties of trust, reliance, and cooperation are also crucial to our daily interaction with acquaintances and strangers. But what about our attitudes of trust – or distrust – as directed towards institutions, public figures, and entire social groups? Is there a difference between trusting the political system and trusting politicians, or between trusting the Church and trusting clergymen? Can institutions themselves display trustworthiness, or
6. Is there a set pattern? Developmental psychology

6. Is there a set pattern? Developmental psychology  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
6. Is there a set pattern? Developmental psychology
1. Clinical psychologists at work

1. Clinical psychologists at work  

Susan Llewelyn and Katie Aafjes-van Doorn

in Clinical Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191815690
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753896.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753896
1. Clinical psychologists at work
7. Extending the reach of clinical psychology

7. Extending the reach of clinical psychology  

Susan Llewelyn and Katie Aafjes-van Doorn

in Clinical Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191815690
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753896.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753896
7. Extending the reach of clinical psychology

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