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2. Freedom as free will

2. Freedom as free will  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
2. Freedom as free will
5. Heraclitus

5. Heraclitus  

Catherine Osborne

in Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776267
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840943.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840943
5. Heraclitus
5. Morals, Politics, and Religion

5. Morals, Politics, and Religion  

A. J. Ayer

in Hume: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854063.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854063
5. Morals, Politics, and Religion
2. Aims and Methods

2. Aims and Methods  

A. J. Ayer

in Hume: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854063.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854063
2. Aims and Methods
4. Reality and appearance: more adventures in metaphysics

4. Reality and appearance: more adventures in metaphysics  

Catherine Osborne

in Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776267
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840943.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840943
4. Reality and appearance: more adventures in metaphysics
7. Discourse ethics II: ethical discourse and the political turn

7. Discourse ethics II: ethical discourse and the political turn  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
7. Discourse ethics II: ethical discourse and the political turn
1. Humans and beasts: understanding ourselves

1. Humans and beasts: understanding ourselves  

Julia Annas

in Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853578
1. Humans and beasts: understanding ourselves
3. Reason

3. Reason  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
3. Reason
1. Reason and BeliefRichness and diversity in Indian thought

1. Reason and Belief: Richness and diversity in Indian thought  

Sue Hamilton

in Indian Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776403
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853745.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853745
1. Reason and Belief Richness and diversity in Indian thought
3. How do we know?Hume’s

3. How do we know?: Hume’s  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854216
3. How do we know? Of Miracles
6. My soul and myself

6. My soul and myself  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
6. My soul and myself Problems about the soul In Greek thought, the soul ( psyche ) is what causes living things ( empsucha ) to be alive. This leaves a large range of questions about the soul open. Our bodies are animated; is what animates them itself some kind of physical body, or is it something of an entirely different kind? If the latter, how is its nature to be understood? Is the soul indissolubly united to the body it animates, so that at death it perishes when the body ceases to be animated – or could it carry
1. Validity: what follows from what?

1. Validity: what follows from what?  

Graham Priest

in Logic: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191848513
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811701.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811701
1. Validity: what follows from what? Through the Looking Glass , Alice meets the logic-chopping pair Tweedledum and Tweedledee ( ). When Alice is lost for words, they go onto the attack:
5. Enlightened illusions

5. Enlightened illusions  

Stephen Eric Bronner

in Critical Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780190692704
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190692674.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190692674
5. Enlightened illusions Dialectic of Enlightenment was perhaps the first great critical encounter with modernity undertaken from the Left. It first appeared in a private printing for the Institute with the title Philosophical Fragments in 1944. When it was finally published with Querido Verlag in 1947, however, the original title had been turned into the subtitle. The focus had become more precise. Initially that didn’t help matters: it sold only about two thousand copies. Today, however, Dialectic of Enlightenment is recognized as a landmark of modern philosophy and, arguably, the signature work of critical theory.
4. Reason, knowledge and scepticism

4. Reason, knowledge and scepticism  

Julia Annas

in Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853578
4. Reason, knowledge and scepticism
8. Can the study of human behaviour be objective?

8. Can the study of human behaviour be objective?  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
8. Can the study of human behaviour be objective?
10. Why medieval philosophy?

10. Why medieval philosophy?  

John Marenbon

in Medieval Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191781216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663224.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663224
10. Why medieval philosophy? are bothered to learn about it: very few, even, of those (such as professional philosophers) who would be ashamed if their ignorance extended to the philosophy of other periods. And it might seem that here, at the end of this book, there is an easy way to answer the question. Since it is now clear that there was a great deal of excellent philosophy written in the Middle Ages, is there not as much reason to learn about it as to learn about excellent philosophy from any other period?
3. Desire

3. Desire  

Ronald de Sousa

in Love: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781353
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663842.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663842
3. Desire There are two tragedies in life: the first is not to get what you want; the other is to get it. What does the lover want? If there is one thing Diotima got right, it was that love essentially involves desire. But what is desire? And what sorts of desire are characteristic of love?
3. Bodies and Selves

3. Bodies and Selves  

A. J. Ayer

in Hume: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854063.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854063
3. Bodies and Selves
2. Reason and revelation

2. Reason and revelation  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
2. Reason and revelation The three Abrahamic religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, agree in recognizing a single God who is the source for the existence of all other things, and who has revealed His will to us through a line of prophets. But how should we understand God as a being transcendent beyond all others? What is the nature of the causality He exercised in creating the universe? How does the knowledge granted to the prophet relate to the sort of knowledge available to other humans? If the prophet is also the leader of a community, how does his religious
5. Internalism and externalism

5. Internalism and externalism  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
5. Internalism and externalism The first-person point of view Here’s something you probably took yourself to know before reading it here: Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world. But if that fact about Everest didn’t come as news to you, here’s something you probably don’t know: how exactly you originally learned that fact (or any random trivia fact of that sort). According to psychologists who study memory, unless you had a pivotal life experience when you first heard that fact about Everest (like an earthquake hitting at the very moment it was mentioned in your first primary school

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