Richard J. Crisp
So that’s a very short introduction to social psychology. We’ve taken a tour of the social mind and seen the profound impact that our relationships have on attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour. Social psychology is there in every interaction, every attitude, every action we take. It tells us why we like some people and dislike others; why we’re confident, afraid, elated, and proud. It speaks to the most important issues we face, from immigration to economics to the environment.
4. Will, body, and the self
Unity of body and will
Will to life
Intellect as an outgrowth of will
Categories and Method
Vaiśeṣika and Nyāya
Thought gone wrong
‘How could you, a mathematician, believe that extraterrestrials were sending you messages?’ ‘Because the ideas I had about supernatural beings came to me the same way my mathematical ideas did,’ came the answer.
A Beautiful Mind
Daniel M. Haybron
5. The sources of happiness
Daniel M. Haybron
6. Beyond happiness: well-being
Margaret A. Boden
5. Robots and artificial life
only from life (see ). Hard-headed technologists don’t worry about that question. But they do turn to biology in developing practical applications of many kinds. These include robots, evolutionary programming, and self-organizing devices. Robots are quintessential examples of AI: they have high visibility and are hugely ingenious—and very big business, too. Evolutionary AI, although widely used, is less well known. Self-organizing machines are even less familiar (unsupervised learning excepted: see ). Nevertheless, in the quest to understand self-organization, AI has been as useful to biology as biology has been to AI.
5. The self
Spirits and souls
Who—or what—am I? Answers such as ‘I am my body’ or ‘I am my brain’ are unsatisfactory because I don’t feel like a body or a brain. I feel like someone who owns them. But who could this be who feels as though she lives inside this head and looks out through the eyes? Who is it who seems to be living this life and having these experiences?
From the scientific point of view there is no need for an owner; no need for an inner experiencer to observe what the brain is doing;
6. Freedom and the self
The Concept of Anxiety and The Sickness unto Death – may help to illustrate some of the issues raised.
5. Morality without freedom?
7. Self-determination and the will
3. Are persons real?
what I had previously called ‘me’ was forcefully pushed out of its usual location inside me into a new location that was approximately a foot behind and to the left of my head. ‘I’ was now behind my body looking out at the world without using the body's eyes.
the personal self was gone, yet here was a body and a mind that still existed empty of anyone who occupied them. […] The mind, body and emotions no longer referred to anyone – there was no one who thought, no one who felt, no one who
1. In what sense can my voluntary actions be said to be free?
Having made a decision, we need to check that we carry it out as intended. In other words we need to monitor our own behaviour.
A Very Short Introduction