7. Suicide and euthanasia
The issue of suicide is problematic for Buddhists. It is a common belief that suicide is permitted in Buddhism. ‘Suicide and euthanasia’ argues that in Buddhism, the human lifespan is a destiny determined by karma. To shorten a life artificially with suicide or euthanasia is seen by many Buddhists as tampering with destiny. It seems that rather than support the movement for euthanasia, most Buddhists would rather support the hospice movement. Buddhism has a great openness about death and encourages its followers to meditate and prepare for it in a number of ways. The Buddha
Nancy A. Pachana
6. Reflections on ageing and future directions
Julian V. Roberts
5. In and out of prison
‘In and out of prison’ considers the state of prisons today; the typical prison population; the crimes that result in imprisonment; the costs of imprisonment; the process of release and the pros and cons of parole; life after release; and re-offenders. We expect our prisons to punish and to rehabilitate, but often there are numerous ‘pains of imprisonment’: incarceration, assault, homicide, accidental death by drug overdose, self-harm, and then the long-term financial impact and adverse life events on release from custody. Rehabilitation in the prison system is also difficult and costly to provide.
Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott
3. Who is at risk of depression?
One advantage of the more consistent application of diagnostic criteria for identifying individuals with a depressive disorder is that it allows national and international comparisons to be undertaken. Large-scale studies make it possible to estimate the overall prevalence of depression, and repeating the surveys allows detection of any changes in these rates over time. Comparisons can be made between the distribution of depression cases by country, culture, economic and social status, and other demographic features such as age, gender, marital status, etc. Differences between any of these subgroups can offer important insights into
Peter K. Smith
7. Internalizing disorders and adolescent mental health
2. Crusaders and conspirators