7. Suicide and euthanasia
Julian V. Roberts
5. In and out of prison
The use of the prison has evolved considerably over the centuries. In the late Middle Ages imprisonment was just a way of ensuring that the offender paid a fine—he left prison as soon as he had paid the fine. Today, we seldom imprison people for failure to pay a fine; prisons are all about punishment and rehabilitation, but particularly punishment.
The state of prisons today
The cell was eight feet by eight feet, filthy and with the straw worn to dust and swarming with vermin. There was no accessible water and the offenders were
Nancy A. Pachana
6. Reflections on ageing and future directions
Peter K. Smith
7. Internalizing disorders and adolescent mental health
A Very Short Introduction
1. Debating martyrdom
Oxford English Dictionary , a martyr is ‘a person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs’, and martyrdom is ‘the sufferings and death of a martyr’. In its various forms of common usage, martyrdom is a slippery term that is hard to define. This is partly because, as we shall see through this Very Short Introduction , there are many different kinds of martyrdom, emerging out of a range of historical, political, and religious settings.
Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott
3. Who is at risk of depression?
One advantage of the more consistent application of diagnostic criteria for identifying individuals with a depressive disorder is that it allows national and international comparisons to be undertaken. Large-scale studies make it possible to estimate the overall prevalence of depression, and repeating the surveys allows detection of any changes in these rates over time. Comparisons can be made between the distribution of depression cases by country, culture, economic and social status, and other demographic features such as age, gender, marital status, etc. Differences between any of these subgroups can offer important insights into