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8. Sikhism and the third millennium

8. Sikhism and the third millennium  

Eleanor Nesbitt

in Sikhism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745570.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745570
8. Sikhism and the third millennium Religion in the 21st century
4. Revolutionary terrorism

4. Revolutionary terrorism  

Charles Townshend

in Terrorism: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2018
Published Online: 
May 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198809098.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198809098
4. Revolutionary terrorism
1. Debating martyrdom

1. Debating martyrdom  

Jolyon Mitchell

in Martyrdom: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777882
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199585236.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199585236
1. Debating martyrdom Oxford English Dictionary , a martyr is ‘a person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs’, and martyrdom is ‘the sufferings and death of a martyr’. In its various forms of common usage, martyrdom is a slippery term that is hard to define. This is partly because, as we shall see through this Very Short Introduction , there are many different kinds of martyrdom, emerging out of a range of historical, political, and religious settings.
Conclusion: war, terrorism, and future research

Conclusion: war, terrorism, and future research  

Richard English

in Modern War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778223
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199607891.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199607891
Conclusion: war, terrorism, and future research
Military Strategy: A Very Short Introduction

Military Strategy: A Very Short Introduction  

Antulio J. Echevarria

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780190625184
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340132.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199340132
A Very Short Introduction
8. Cultural impact

8. Cultural impact  

Jamie A. Davies

in Synthetic Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191841699
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198803492.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198803492
8. Cultural impact Science is not an isolated enterprise: it is affected by, and in turn affects, broader society and culture. Synthetic biology has changed aspects of education; has stimulated artists, writers, and film-makers; and has caught the interest of philosophers, ethicists, campaigners, and legislators. This final chapter gives a taste of the wider implications of the technologies described earlier in this book.
2. Crusaders and conspirators

2. Crusaders and conspirators  

Charles Townshend

in Terrorism: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2018
Published Online: 
May 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198809098.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198809098
2. Crusaders and conspirators
7. Countering terrorism

7. Countering terrorism  

Charles Townshend

in Terrorism: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2018
Published Online: 
May 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198809098.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198809098
7. Countering terrorism
Terrorism: A Very Short Introduction

Terrorism: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)  

Charles Townshend

Print Publication Year: 
May 2018
Published Online: 
May 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198809098.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198809098
A Very Short Introduction Third Edition
3. The reign of terror

3. The reign of terror  

Charles Townshend

in Terrorism: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2018
Published Online: 
May 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198809098.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198809098
3. The reign of terror
4. Rights and the ‘right to have rights’

4. Rights and the ‘right to have rights’  

Richard Bellamy

in Citizenship: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775604
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802538.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802538
4. Rights and the ‘right to have rights’
Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction  

Eugene R. Fidell

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625191
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199303496.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199303496
A Very Short Introduction
9. Military justice in the field

9. Military justice in the field  

Eugene R. Fidell

in Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625191
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199303496.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199303496
9. Military justice in the field Military justice has to be portable because armies deploy. In battlefield conditions, soldiers rarely have time to get into the kinds of garden-variety trouble that occurs in garrison. Even so, field operations in unfamiliar environments generate their fair share of military justice controversies. Some of these are a function of the imposition of special rules intended to prevent friction with the local populace. Thus, theater commanders will typically issue general orders forbidding a host of activities. These can include such predictable matters as sexual contact with local residents, possession and use of drugs and
10. What about Guantánamo?

10. What about Guantánamo?  

Eugene R. Fidell

in Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625191
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199303496.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199303496
10. What about Guantánamo? New York Times op-ed by Alberto R. Gonzales, then counsel to President George W. Bush, in which he commented: “The suggestion that these commissions will afford only sham justice like that dispensed in dictatorial nations is an insult to our military justice system.” The comment made military lawyers cringe because it was so far from the truth.
9. Tumultuous politics continued, 1974–present

9. Tumultuous politics continued, 1974–present  

Donald T. Critchlow

in American Political History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780199393725
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340057.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340057
9. Tumultuous politics continued, 1974–present Five salient factors shaped the context for post–Cold War politics: the demise of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, booms and busts in the economy, increased polarization within the electorate, the continuation of low voter turnout, and the emergence of grassroots activist organizations not necessarily loyal to any political party. Given the large size of government and the growing importance of television, the presidency gained visibility and preeminence as Congress receded in political significance. Party competition remained intense, with both parties incorporating grassroots activist wings that encouraged leaders to take polarized positions.
5. Terror and terrorism

5. Terror and terrorism  

Antulio J. Echevarria II

in Military Strategy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340132.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
5. Terror and terrorism “Terror is a psychological weapon of unbelievable power,” claimed Jacques Soustelle, the governor general of Algeria during its bloody war of independence (1954–1962). “Before the bodies of those whose throats have been cut and the grimacing faces of the mutilated,” he continued, “all capacity for resistance lapses; the spring is broken.” More than one million people lost their lives in the Algerian conflict, though terror was not the only weapon responsible. The use of terror typically takes one of two forms: either wholesale, indiscriminate bombing designed to break civilian morale, as with the strategic bombing campaigns
1. What are nuclear weapons?

1. What are nuclear weapons?  

Joseph M. Siracusa

in Nuclear Weapons: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191793448
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727231.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727231
1. What are nuclear weapons?
7. Reflections on the Atomic Age

7. Reflections on the Atomic Age  

Joseph M. Siracusa

in Nuclear Weapons: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191793448
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727231.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727231
7. Reflections on the Atomic Age
5. Geopolitics and objects

5. Geopolitics and objects  

Klaus Dodds

in Geopolitics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779954
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199676781.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199676781
5. Geopolitics and objects Introduction This chapter explores the role of objects, and what the anthropologist Daniel Miller might term, stuff. Previously, in the first edition of this book, my attention was on maps as one particular form of representation but also as object—as much as paper documents as visual representations on a computer screen, or in the form of other sorts of objects such as atlases and globes let alone as applications to be downloaded on to smart phones. The focus on objects is designed to highlight that geopolitical imaginations and practices are embedded and emboldened by their relationship
7. ‘An area of freedom, security and justice’

7. ‘An area of freedom, security and justice’  

Simon Usherwood and John Pinder

in The European Union: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198808855.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
7. ‘An area of freedom, security and justice’ Ernest Bevin, the great Foreign Secretary in the first post-war Labour government, said that the aim of his foreign policy ‘really was … to grapple with the whole problem of passports and visas’, so that he could ‘go down to Victoria Station’, where trains departed for the Continent, ‘get a railway ticket, and go where the Hell I liked without a passport or anything else’. The old trade unionist retained his vision of the brotherhood of man. But the Foreign Minister found himself defending the sovereignty of states; and he rejected the

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