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PandemicsA Very Short Introduction

Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction  

Christian W. McMillen

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199340071
A Very Short Introduction
3. Discovery

3. Discovery  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

in Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578764
3. Discovery
5. Bacterial pathogenesis

5. Bacterial pathogenesis  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

in Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578764
5. Bacterial pathogenesis Abstract ‘Bacterial pathogenesis’ explains the stages of pathogenesis, virulence factors, the four groups of pathogenic bacteria (adhesins, aggressins, impedins, and invasins), plasmids, and pathogenicity islands. The two types of toxins excreted by bacteria — endotoxins and exotoxins — and the diseases they cause (such as plague and tetanus) are described. The bacteria involved with necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating bacteria), vector-borne diseases, tooth decay, and gum disease are also outlined. Finally, the pandemics caused by bacterial infections — plague, cholera, leprosy, tuberculosis, and the sexually transmitted bacterial infections of syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhoea are discussed. Clostridium botulinum produces
BacteriaA Very Short Introduction

Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199578764
A Very Short Introduction
8. Looking ahead

8. Looking ahead  

Marta L. Wayne and Benjamin M. Bolker

in Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785276
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688937.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688937
8. Looking ahead
5. Tuberculosis

5. Tuberculosis  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
5. Tuberculosis Abstract Mycobacterium tuberculosis , emerged in Africa about seventy thousand years ago. It accompanied modern humans on their migrations out of Africa, across the Indian Ocean, and then into Eurasia. Tuberculosis affects almost all parts of the body. Its most common and deadly form, carried in tiny droplets through the air from person to person and highly infectious, is pulmonary tuberculosis. It thrives in densely packed places. ‘Tuberculosis’ outlines the spread of the disease, early attempts to combat it, Robert Koch’s identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in 1882, the development of the BCG vaccine in 1908, the

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