‘A matter of method’ outlines how the aims and methods of the Frankfurt school changed. The Frankfurt School took its inspiration from the intellectual framework provided by Western Marxism with its emphasis on history, agency, and the dialectical method. Georg Lukács, Karl Korsch, Antonio Gramsci, and Ernst Bloch were leading representatives of this trend. Critical theory originally aimed to understand facts in a value-laden context, as traditional theory was neither neutral nor reflective. The Frankfurt School was sympathetic to communism, but as that political regime became totalitarian, the preservation of individuality became the central preoccupation of critical theory, along with eradicating social injustice and causes of unhappiness.