p. 11. The sky in prehistory
- Michael Hoskin
Historians of astronomy mainly work from surviving documents, instruments, and artefacts. However, ‘The Sky in Prehistory’ examines the surviving stone monuments from a period where there are no written records. Archaeologists are convinced that many stone circles, such as Stonehenge, and other monuments, owe their configuration to role that the sky played in the cosmovision of Neolithic societies. Alexander Thom's ground breaking work in surveying the stone circles of Britain, whilst largely discredited now, did help to establish that the sky played a role in the practical needs of farmers and navigators, and that the movement of the sun and moon did influence the construction of these early monuments.