p. 716. Archaic and transitional hominins
- Bernard Wood
‘Archaic and transitional hominins’ deals with creatures that almost certainly belong to the hominin clade, but which are still far from resembling modern humans. These hominins share more of their morphology with modern humans than with chimps, but changes in jaw, tooth, and body size and shape are not characteristic of later hominin species. The fossil record 3–4 million years ago grows stronger. The Australopith taxa from southern and eastern Africa have a bigger brain volume than chimps and a more upright gait, but are still far from the Homo genus. Although the transitional Homo habilis may have produced tools, it was still closely related to australopiths.