p. 72. A cultural phenomenon
- Keith Thomson
‘A cultural phenomenon’ discusses the history of the understanding and explanation of fossils beginning with the work of English scientist Robert Hooke in the 17th century. His work challenged the Creation theory that proposed God has placed fossils in rocks and the Diluvial theory that suggested fossils were a result of Noah's Flood. How fossils became the prime evidence for theories of evolution and how the fossil record identified periods of extinction and argued against concepts such as ‘The Great Chain of Being’ are explained. The concept of geological time, ideas such as uniformitarianism, and the work of James Hutton are also considered.