p. 222. Freedom as free will
- Thomas Pink
‘Freedom as free will’ examines the link between freedom and reason. Most animals lack the capacity for freedom of action. They can have desires and purposeful actions, but they lack the practical reason necessary to guide them. Freedom of will and decision-making is also linked to practical reason. Will enables us to be moved to action through reason. If freedom is exercised through action, and decisions control actions, then decisions are actions. Decisions determine not just our voluntary actions but also our intentions. Medieval scholars thought that freedom depended entirely on the will. Our morality depends not just on our actions but also our intentions, before an all-powerful God.