p. 433. Reason
- Thomas Pink
‘Reason’ investigates the effect of reason on compatibilism. Compatibilism comes from two sources: the rationalist conception of freedom (which links freedom with reason), and the naturalist belief that humans are part of a wider natural structure (which links our agency to that of animals). If freedom requires rationality, could they be the same thing? Incompatibilism says they can never be the same. If we are totally rational, we have no freedom, as there is only one rational choice. Rational compatibilists say that freedom is a power that comes through rationality, and that it is also linked to irrationality. Freedom requires a choice between the rational and irrational.