Show Summary Details

p. 735. Morality without freedom?locked

  • Thomas Pink

Abstract

‘Morality without freedom?’ asks whether we can be morally responsible if we are not free. Ordinary moral theory holds people responsible only for actions they can control. Freedom requires both the possibility of committing and refraining from an action. Voluntariness only requires the desire to commit an act. Self-determination can be explained in terms of both freedom and voluntariness. John Calvin believed that even if we lacked freedom, we still sinned voluntarily. The freedom to act otherwise was irrelevant. However, since decisions cannot be taken voluntarily, the self-determination that governs moral responsibility cannot be voluntariness.

Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.