Socrates and Later Philosophy
- C. C. W. Taylor
‘Socrates and later philosophy’ examines the legacy of Socrates. By far the most important aspect of this was his influence on Plato. Antisthenes, the probable founder of the Cynic sect, adhered to some of Socrates' ethical doctrines and his austere lifestyle. The Stoics accepted the cardinal doctrines of Socratic ethics, that virtue is knowledge, and that virtue is sufficient for eudaimonia, while the Epicureans were consistently hostile to his ideas. Aspects of Socrates' thought were viewed positively by some Christian theologians. The tradition of adapting the figure of Socrates to fit the general preconceptions of the writer is discernible in his treatment by three nineteenth-century philosophers: Hegel, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche.