Disillusionment and Withdrawal
- Michael Tanner
‘Disillusionment and Withdrawal’ first considers Untimely Meditations, a collection of four meditations on David Strauss, the practice of historiography, and celebrations of the genius of Schopenhauer and Wagner. It contains one of Nietzsche's most inspired coinages, ‘philistine of culture’. Nietzsche's attendance at the first Bayreuth Festival in 1876 and his break with Wagner are then documented. In 1878, he wrote Human, All Too Human, which was broken into 638 sections. His next book, Daybreak (1880), marks a crucial departure in content. At this time, Nietzsche's pattern of life changed drastically and he became alienated from all but the most loyal of his friends.