p. 11. The background
- Stillman Drake
‘The background’ gives an explanation of the prevailing scientific doctrine in the time of Galileo. Aristotelian philosophy was the basis of University education from the thirteenth century. However, in the first half of the seventeenth century the work of Bacon, Descartes, and Galileo laid waste to Aristotelianism. Galileo combined abstract and practical science, and preferred the formulation of accurate predictions rather than the Aristotelian search for causes. He maintained, unlike Aristotelians, that nature could never be fully understood. Many historians have assessed Galileo's influences and relationships with contemporary scientists and the general public.