p. 182. Between the crime and the court
- Julian V. Roberts
‘Between the crime and the trial’ discusses the procedures undertaken by the police and prosecution services after a crime has taken place and before court proceedings begin. Out of court disposals can be used for less serious crimes and where the allegations are not contested. Police may issue ‘on the spot’ fines for public disorder or impose conditional cautions. Failure to comply with the conditions will trigger prosecution. After an arrest, the prosecution guides the proceedings. Pre-trial developments include decisions on whether to: charge the defendant; bail them or remand them to custody; negotiate justice through plea bargaining; or offer to reduce the sentence if the accused will plead guilty.