Show Summary Details

p. 11. Early navigational cultureslocked

  • Jim Bennett

Abstract

Distinct geographies, where areas of sea were demarcated not only by land, but also by climate and current, helped to create different cultures of navigation that for centuries followed individual trajectories. ‘Early navigational cultures’ explains that the sky was one thing that was shared by ancient navigational cultures. It describes the techniques used by seamen in the Mediterranean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, and North Atlantic to register direction and position—the two fundamental variables of navigation. Before the use of a magnetic compass, navigation was also possible using other techniques such as coastal navigation (or pilotage), and a good understanding of tides, currents, swells, and behaviour of seabirds.

Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.