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p. 484. Life support systemslocked

  • Warwick F. Vincent

Abstract

There is an astonishing variety and abundance of microscopic life that underpins the ecology of natural waters. The aquatic microbiome—made up of viruses, bacteria, archaea, and microbial eukaryotes—is central to the healthy functioning of lake ecosystems and their responses to environmental change. ‘Life support systems’ describes the key input of energy from the sun and the precarious balance between oxygen gains and losses. It also outlines the key features of the carbon and nitrogen cycles and the important roles that the microbiomes play; and it describes the two different zones of production: the inshore or littoral zone, and the offshore limnetic or pelagic zone.

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