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p. 1058. Perceptions, prejudices, and persecutionslocked

  • Andreas Önnerfors


Starting with early negative treatment in the press, freemasonry became the object of public persecution by governmental and church authorities across Europe—persecution that peaked with the first papal ban in 1738 (a ban that was renewed a number of times). However, the brotherhood was first seriously exposed to governmental regulation when the alleged contribution of freemasonry to the French Revolution was formulated as an element in widespread political conspiracy theories. ‘Perceptions, prejudices, and persecutions’ outlines the relationship of freemasonry with the press; the history of regulation and suppression through the 19th and 20th centuries; and describes the modern conspiracy myth that perpetuates with freemasonry.

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